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    Diabetes Health Center

    Medical Reference Related to Diabetes

    1. Type 2 Diabetes - Topic Overview

      You can use the American Diabetes Association's risk test for diabetes to see whether you are at risk for developing type 2 diabetes. If you are age 45 or older,the American Diabetes Association recommends that you get tested for diabetes every 3 years. 1 The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends diabetes testing for people who have blood pressure higher than 135/80. ...

    2. Type 2 Diabetes - Topic Overview

      If high blood sugar levels have damaged nerves that go to your skin, you may sweat less, and your skin may become dry and cracked. Damaged skin becomes infected more easily when you have diabetes. To prevent skin problems and allow for early treatment of any problems that develop, each day:Inspect your skin, especially on your feet, between your toes, and around your fingernails and toenails. Watch for redness, cuts, scrapes, calluses, or blisters.Keep your skin folds—such as in your groin or under your breasts—dry. Moist areas increase the risk of infection.Dry the area between your toes well after bathing.Use a bath soap that has a moisturizer added. Use soap only as needed (on your feet, underarms, and groin). Avoid using deodorant soaps and antibacterial soaps, which may dry your skin.If your skin is dry, do not use bubble baths. Use a bath oil instead.To prevent dryness and injury:Use a home humidifier during cold weather and in dry climates.Use a moisturizer after you bathe,

    3. Prediabetes - Topic Overview

      Diabetic neuropathy is a nerve disorder commonly caused by diabetes.

    4. Screening for Gestational Diabetes - Treatment Overview

      If you have been diagnosed with prediabetes, you will play a key role in your treatment and have an opportunity to reverse the condition or delay the progression to type 2 diabetes. Losing weight, eating a healthy diet, and getting regular exercise are very effective in preventing or delaying the onset of diabetes as well as lowering your risks for other complications, such as coronary artery ...

    5. Screening for Gestational Diabetes - Topic Overview

      Diabetic nephropathy is a complication of diabetes that is caused by uncontrolled high blood sugar.

    6. Albumin Urine Test

      A microalbumin test evaluates urine for the presence of a protein called albumin.

    7. Prediabetes: Exercise Tips - Topic Overview

      Children who take insulin are at risk of hypoglycemia during and after exercise. But with good planning and awareness,a child can exercise and participate in sports safely. Good planning means checking blood sugars before,during,and after exercise. Then,you can keep a record of how exercise affects your child's blood sugars. Remember that each child will react to exercise differently. ...

    8. Screening for Gestational Diabetes - Topic Overview

      Diabetes can affect the body's immune system,impairing the ability of white blood cells to come to the site of an infection,stay in the infected area,and kill microorganisms. Because of the buildup of plaque in blood vessels associated with diabetes,areas of infection may receive a poor blood supply,further decreasing the body's ability to fight infections and heal wounds. Common ...

    9. Diabetic Neuropathy - Topic Overview

      Travel can make it hard to keep your blood sugar within your target range because of changes in time zones,meal schedules,and types of foods available. Check your blood sugar level more often during your time away from home. Whenever you need to see a doctor away from home,let him or her know you have diabetes. And always wear medical identification. In an emergency,medical identification ...

    10. Screening for Gestational Diabetes - When to Call a Doctor

      The American Diabetes Association recommends screening for prediabetes-which may lead to type 2 diabetes-if you:4Are 45 years of age or older-particularly if you are overweight- and you have never had your blood glucose (sugar) tested or you have not been tested in more than 3 years.Are younger than 45, overweight (body mass index [BMI] of 25 or greater), and have one or more other risk factors ..

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