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Diabetes Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Diabetes

  1. Care of Your Teeth and Gums When You Have Diabetes - Topic Overview

    People with diabetes have a greater risk for gum (periodontal) disease and infection. To help prevent dental problems,each day: Keep your blood sugar levels within your target range. Brush your teeth at least twice. Floss once,pressing the floss against your teeth and not your gums. Check for areas where your gums are red or painful. To help prevent dental problems,see your dentist every ...

  2. Diabetes: Urine Test for Sugar - Health Tools

    Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition. Diabetes: Checking Your Blood Sugar

  3. Biguanides (Metformin) for Prediabetes and Type 2 Diabetes

    Drug details for Biguanides for type 2 diabetes.

  4. Diabetes: Checking Your Feet - Health Tools

    Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition. Diabetes: Taking Care of Your Feet

  5. Tests for Ketones - Topic Overview

    Ketones are substances that are made when the body breaks down fat for energy. Normally, your body gets the energy it needs from glucose (sugar). If your body cannot use glucose for energy—for example, if your body doesn't make or use insulin—ketones are formed. You might also have ketones if you are not eating enough carbohydrates and your body uses fat for energy instead. Your body wants to get rid of ketones through urine. Ketones in urine is most common in people who have type 1 diabetes. It is an early sign that there is not enough insulin, and blood sugar may be dangerously high. This can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis, a very serious medical problem.You can test your urine for ketones at home using specially prepared tablets or plastic strips.Collect a urine sample in a clean container.Follow the manufacturer's directions on the bottle of test strips or tablets.If either the test strip or the urine changes color when the tablet is dropped into the sample, ketones are

  6. How Diabetes Causes Blindness - Topic Overview

    Over time,high blood sugar levels from diabetes lead to damage of the retina,the layer on the back of the eye that captures images and sends them as nerve signals to the brain. Whether diabetic retinopathy develops depends in part on how high blood sugar levels have been and how long they have been above a target range. Other things that may increase your risk for diabetic retinopathy include ...

  7. Continuous Glucose Monitoring - Health Tools

    Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.Decision Points focus on key medical care decisions that are important to many health problems. Diabetes: Should I Get an Insulin Pump?

  8. Continuous Glucose Monitoring - Topic Overview

    As someone with diabetes,you know that if your pancreas were working as it should,it would always know when your blood sugar was going up or down. And then it would provide just the right amount of insulin to keep your blood sugar where it needs to be. Instead,you have to do that job yourself. You prick your finger and place a bit of blood into your glucose meter. Then you give yourself ...

  9. Diabetes: Urine Test for Sugar - Topic Overview

    Sugar (glucose) normally is not found in urine. However,when blood sugar levels rise well above a target range-which occurs in diabetes -the kidneys often release some of the excess sugar from the blood into the urine. In pregnant women,the kidneys sometimes release sugar into the urine even when blood sugar levels are within a safe range. You can test urine for sugar by using plastic strips ...

  10. Diabetic Neuropathy - Health Tools

    Use these diabetic neuropathy health tools to help make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.

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