Diabetes: Tests to Watch for Complications - Topic Overview
The table below summarizes the tests that can be done to identify complications from type 2 diabetes, including those tests done during a physical exam. The physical exam evaluates your overall health. The doctor pays special attention to your eyes, blood vessels, heart, lungs, nerves, abdomen, and feet. Tests range from taking your blood pressure to drawing blood to test your cholesterol or kidney function.Complications from diabetes and the tests used to detect them1Organ or conditionTestWhat it showsTarget levelHigh blood sugarEvery 3 to 6 months, have a hemoglobin A1c test.How steady your blood sugar levels have been over time Less than 7% for most nonpregnant adultsLess than 7.5% for teens 13 to 19 years oldLess than 8% for children 6 to 12 years oldLess than 8.5% for children younger than 6 years of ageHigh cholesterolEvery year, get your LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and triglyceride levels checked.The amount of fat in your blood, which can raise your risk of heart attack
Pregnancy and Diabetes: Planning for Pregnancy
Talk to your doctor if you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and are planning to get pregnant, to make sure that both you and your baby are healthy.
Prediabetes - Prevention
If you have any of the risk factors for prediabetes, you can take steps to prevent this condition as well as the progression to full - blown type 2 diabetes. Keeping your blood sugar within the target range is the best way to prevent prediabetes. You can play a key role in controlling your blood sugar levels by:Losing weight if you are overweight. Studies have shown that losing just 5% to 10% of .
Prediabetes - Treatment Overview
If you have been diagnosed with prediabetes, you will play a key role in your treatment and have an opportunity to reverse the condition or delay the progression to type 2 diabetes. Losing weight, eating a healthy diet, and getting regular exercise are very effective in preventing or delaying the onset of diabetes as well as lowering your risks for other complications, such as coronary artery ...
Type 2 Diabetes - Health Tools
Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health. Decision Points focus on key medical care decisions that are important to many health problems. Diabetes: Should I Get an Insulin Pump? Obesity: Should I Have Weight-Loss Surgery? Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition. Depression: Using Positive Thinking ...
Prediabetes - Symptoms
Prediabetes is most often a silent condition with no symptoms. However, certain risk factors, such as obesity or lack of exercise, may put you at a higher risk of developing prediabetes. If you have any of the risk factors for prediabetes-which are similar to the risk factors for type 2 diabetes-ask your health professional whether you should be tested. ...
Prediabetes - Frequently Asked Questions
Learning about prediabetes:What is prediabetes?What causes prediabetes?Can I prevent prediabetes?What are the symptoms of prediabetes?What happens in prediabetes?What increases my risk for prediabetes?Being diagnosed:How is prediabetes diagnosed?Who can diagnose prediabetes?Getting treatment:How is prediabetes treated?What are the goals of treatment?Will I need medication?What other forms of ...
Type 2 Diabetes - Topic Overview
Is this topic for you?This topic provides general information about type 2 diabetes and how you can help prevent the disease. If you or your child has type 2 diabetes and you are looking for more specific information on how to live with the disease, see:Type 2 Diabetes: Recently Diagnosed, if you have been told recently that you have type 2 diabetes.Type 2 Diabetes: Living With the Disease, if ...
Type 2 Diabetes - Frequently Asked Questions
Learning about type 2 diabetes:What is type 2 diabetes?What is the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes?What causes type 2 diabetes?What are the symptoms of type 2 diabetes?Who is at risk for type 2 diabetes?How does the body use nutrients in food to control blood sugar?Who is affected by type 2 diabetes?Am I at risk for type 2 diabetes?Being diagnosed:When should I call a doctor?What ...
Prediabetes - Cause
Prediabetes occurs when the body does not respond properly to the hormone insulin and therefore cannot keep blood glucose (sugar) levels within a normal range. Blood sugar is higher than normal, but not high enough to be diabetes. The food you eat turns into blood glucose, or sugar. The bloodstream transports glucose to all the cells in your body to be used for energy. Normally, the pancreas ...