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Diabetes Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Diabetes

  1. Diabetic Nephropathy - Exams and Tests

    Diabetic nephropathy is diagnosed using tests that check for a protein called albumin in the urine, which is an indicator of kidney damage.

  2. Type 1 Diabetes: Children Living With the Disease - Other Treatment

    Avoid products that promise a 'cure' for type 1 diabetes. No such cure exists.

  3. Diabetic Retinopathy - What Increases Your Risk

    Your risk of developing diabetic retinopathy depends largely on two factors: how long you have had diabetes and what type of diabetes you have.

  4. Diabetic Retinopathy - Other Treatment

    Laser treatment (photocoagulation) can be an effective treatment for diabetic retinopathy, but it does not cure the disease. It can prevent, delay, and sometimes reverse vision loss.

  5. Diabetic Retinopathy - Exams and Tests

    Diabetic retinopathy can be detected during an exam by an ophthalmologist or optometrist. An exam by your primary doctor, during which your eyes are not dilated, is not an adequate substitute for a full exam done by an ophthalmologist. Eye exams for peopl

  6. Type 1 Diabetes: Children Living With the Disease - Topic Overview

    An overview of type 1 diabetes in children.

  7. Diabetes: Tests to Watch for Complications - Topic Overview

    The table below summarizes the tests that can be done to identify complications from type 2 diabetes, including those tests done during a physical exam. The physical exam evaluates your overall health. The doctor pays special attention to your eyes, blood vessels, heart, lungs, nerves, abdomen, and feet. Tests range from taking your blood pressure to drawing blood to test your cholesterol or kidney function.Complications from diabetes and the tests used to detect them1Organ or conditionTestWhat it showsTarget levelHigh blood sugarEvery 3 to 6 months, have a hemoglobin A1c test.How steady your blood sugar levels have been over time Less than 7% for most nonpregnant adultsLess than 7.5% for teens 13 to 19 years oldLess than 8% for children 6 to 12 years oldLess than 8.5% for children younger than 6 years of ageHigh cholesterolEvery year, get your LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and triglyceride levels checked.The amount of fat in your blood, which can raise your risk of heart attack

  8. Type 1 Diabetes - When To Call a Doctor

    Call 911 or other emergency services immediately if: A person is losing consciousness or becomes unconscious and you notice that his or her breath has a fruity odor. He or she may have the life - threatening chemical imbalance diabetic ketoacidosis.

  9. Diabetic Retinopathy - Symptoms

    You may have diabetic retinopathy for a long time without noticing any symptoms. Typically, retinopathy does not cause noticeable symptoms until significant damage has occurred and complications have developed.

  10. Diabetes Guide - Exams and Tests

    Almost all women are tested for gestational diabetes between the 24th and 28th weeks of pregnancy. If your doctor thinks you are at increased risk for developing gestational diabetes, you may be tested earlier.Gestational diabetes is diagnosed with a two - part test called an oral glucose tolerance test. In the first part, your blood sugar is tested 1 hour after you drink a small cup of a sweet ..

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If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.

People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.

Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.

However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.

Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.

One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

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