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Diabetes Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Diabetes

  1. Diabetes: High or Low Blood Sugar in Young Children - Topic Overview

    Young children with type 1 diabetes aren't able to recognize when their blood sugar level is high or low and then tell an adult. And sometimes it's even hard for a parent to tell the difference.Some signs that may indicate high or low blood sugar in a very young child include:Irritability, anger, or crying.Paleness.Nervousness or trembling.Staring off or not responding when touched or spoken to.Dark urine with a strong sweet odor.Drowsiness or difficulty waking up.When you see changes in your child, do a home blood sugar test. It will show the actual blood sugar level, eliminating the guesswork.

  2. Diabetes in Children: Giving Insulin Shots to a Child

    Insulin is available only in an injectable form that is given into the fatty tissue just under the skin. Most people use insulin in an injection, or shot. While it can also be given through an insulin pump or jet injector, this information does not pertain to these devices. Get information from your child's doctor about how to use these properly. You will need to give your child's insulin until ..

  3. Diabetes in Children: Treating Low Blood Sugar

    Low blood sugar, also called hypoglycemia, occurs when the sugar (glucose) level in the blood of a person with diabetes drops below what the body needs to function normally. Taking too much insulin, not eating enough food or skipping meals, or exercising more than usual can cause blood sugar levels to drop rapidly.If your child's blood sugar level drops very low and he or she does not get help, ..

  4. Sick-Day Guidelines for People With Diabetes - Topic Overview

    What happens when you are sickWhen you are sick, your body reacts by releasing hormones to fight infection. However, these hormones raise blood sugar levels and at the same time make it more difficult for insulin to lower blood sugar. When you have diabetes, even a minor illness can lead to dangerously high blood sugar. This may cause life - threatening complications, such as diabetic ketoacidosis

  5. Type 1 Diabetes in Children: Caring for Your Child - Topic Overview

    Type 1 diabetes is a lifelong disease that currently has no cure. Your child needs to take insulin injections. This can be a scary process for adults,not to mention for a child. If your child is very young,you will need to give these injections. When your child is older,he or she can take on some of the responsibility for insulin injections. Diet Your child needs to watch his or her diet ...

  6. Diabetes in Children: Special Camps - Topic Overview

    Camps for children who have diabetes provide an opportunity for the child to meet and share experiences with other children who have the disease. These camps support the child in assuming responsibility for his or her disease and gaining independence in diabetes care. It's also a fun outdoor experience that may include swimming, hiking, or other sports. Camps provide a respite for parents, a time when they can take a break from managing the disease. Parents can rest assured that their child will get appropriate care during this time at camp.These camps are run by trained medical and camp staff. They aim to keep children's blood sugar levels within a target range by balancing insulin doses with the increased activity level and food intake.What you doTo help your child have a good experience at camp:Make sure the camp is accredited by the American Camping Association.Review the camp policies. Camp policies include management of your child's diabetes care, management of other medical

  7. Diabetes: Safe Use of Nonprescription Medicines - Topic Overview

    Many over-the-counter medicines can affect the blood sugar level of people with diabetes. Some should be used with caution and some should be avoided. Follow all instructions on the label. If you give medicine to your baby,follow your doctor’s advice about what amount to give. When you have a minor illness (such as a cold or the flu) and need a nonprescription medicine,talk with your doctor ...

  8. Diabetes in Children: Preparing a Care Plan for School

    To help your child with diabetes have an easier time with school,you need to know the issues your child could face and then plan how to help your child succeed. Remember that your child's experience with diabetes is not the same as another child's experience. A diabetes care plan will help teachers and school staff understand what your child needs to successfully manage diabetes at school. ...

  9. Diabetes in Children: Checking Blood Sugar in a Child

    Your child needs to know when his or her blood sugar level is outside the target range. Fortunately, your child's blood sugar level can be checked anywhere and anytime by using a home blood sugar (glucose) meter. Blood sugar meters give results in less than a minute.Knowing your child's blood sugar level helps you treat low or high blood sugar before it becomes an emergency. It also helps you ...

  10. Type 1 Diabetes in Children: Emotional Issues - Topic Overview

    A diagnosis of type 1 diabetes can be difficult to deal with at any age,but it can be particularly hard for a child. Children face special emotional and physical challenges in dealing with their disease. Your child will probably experience a wide range of emotions,which may change from minute to minute. Be sure you are as supportive as possible as your child learns how to manage the disease ...

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If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.

People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.

Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.

However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.

Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.

One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

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