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    Diabetes Health Center

    Medical Reference Related to Diabetes

    1. Screening for Gestational Diabetes - Topic Overview

      Ketones are substances that are made when the body breaks down fat for energy. Normally, your body gets the energy it needs from glucose (sugar). If your body cannot use glucose for energy—for example, if your body doesn't make or use insulin—ketones are formed. You might also have ketones if you are not eating enough carbohydrates and your body uses fat for energy instead. Your body wants to get rid of ketones through urine. Ketones in urine is most common in people who have type 1 diabetes. It is an early sign that there is not enough insulin, and blood sugar may be dangerously high. This can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis, a very serious medical problem.You can test your urine for ketones at home using specially prepared tablets or plastic strips.Collect a urine sample in a clean container.Follow the manufacturer's directions on the bottle of test strips or tablets.If either the test strip or the urine changes color when the tablet is dropped into the sample, ketones are

    2. Type 1 Diabetes: Children Living With the Disease - When to Call a Doctor

      The American Diabetes Association recommends screening for prediabetes-which may lead to type 2 diabetes-if you:4Are 45 years of age or older-particularly if you are overweight- and you have never had your blood glucose (sugar) tested or you have not been tested in more than 3 years.Are younger than 45, overweight (body mass index [BMI] of 25 or greater), and have one or more other risk factors ..

    3. Type 1 Diabetes: Children Living With the Disease - Treatment Overview

      There is currently no cure for diabetic neuropathy. Once it has developed, treatment focuses on preventing the condition from worsening by consistently keeping your blood sugar levels tightly controlled within a narrow target range.

    4. Type 1 Diabetes: Children Living With the Disease - Setting a Goal to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes

      WebMD shows how to set goals to prevent prediabetes from becoming type 2 diabetes.

    5. Type 1 Diabetes: Children Living With the Disease - Topic Overview

      Take care of your supplies so that you can test your blood sugar safely and get the most accurate blood sugar results. These results will be used to evaluate your treatment for diabetes.Meters. Follow the instructions from the manufacturer about how to care for the meter. All meters can be damaged by being dropped or jarred and by exposure to very hot or very cold temperatures. Some meters need to be cleaned regularly and have their batteries changed periodically.Lancets. Lancets must be thrown away safely after they are used. Do not put lancets into your household wastebasket or trash can; a used lancet might accidentally stick someone. Put your used lancets in a plastic container (such as a small, empty soda pop bottle or laundry detergent bottle) and seal it when it is three-quarters full. Check with your local trash disposal agency about how you need to dispose of lancets. Some agencies have special ways to get rid of this type of waste.Strips. Protect the test strips from

    6. Alpha-Glucosidase Inhibitors for Type 2 Diabetes

      Drug details for Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors for type 2 diabetes.

    7. Type 1 Diabetes: Children Living With the Disease - Topic Overview

      Can you reverse type 2 diabetes? Can you cure it? Diabetes can go into remission. When diabetes is in remission, you have no signs or symptoms of it. But your risk of relapse is higher than normal.1 That's why you make the same daily healthy choices that you do for active type 2 diabetes.Is there a cure for diabetes?There is no known cure for type 2 diabetes. But it can be controlled. And in some cases, it goes into remission. Keys to control For some people, a diabetes-healthy lifestyle is enough to control their blood sugar levels. That means losing weight if you are overweight, eating healthy foods, and being more active. But most people with type 2 diabetes also need to take one or more medicines or insulin. What is remission? Of those people who don't need diabetes medicine, some find that their diabetes does reverse with weight control, diabetes-healthy eating, and exercise. Their bodies are still able to make and use insulin, and their blood sugar levels go back to normal.

    8. Type 1 Diabetes: Children Living With the Disease - Symptoms

      There are no symptoms in the early stages of diabetic nephropathy. The only sign of kidney damage may be small amounts of protein leaking into the urine (microalbuminuria).

    9. Type 1 Diabetes: Children Living With the Disease - Health Tools

      Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.Decision Points focus on key medical care decisions that are important to many health problems. Diabetes: Should I Get an Insulin Pump?

    10. Type 1 Diabetes: Children Living With the Disease - Topic Overview

      Many over-the-counter medicines can affect the blood sugar level of people with diabetes. Some should be used with caution and some should be avoided. Follow all instructions on the label. If you give medicine to your baby,follow your doctor’s advice about what amount to give. When you have a minor illness (such as a cold or the flu) and need a nonprescription medicine,talk with your doctor ...

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