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Diabetes Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Diabetes

  1. Diabetes: Differences Between Type 1 and 2 - Topic Overview

    In general,people with diabetes either have a total lack of insulin ( type 1 diabetes ) or they have too little insulin or cannot use insulin effectively ( type 2 diabetes ). Type 1 diabetes (formerly called juvenile-onset or insulin-dependent diabetes),accounts for 5% to 10% of all people with diabetes. 1 In type 1 diabetes,the body's immune system destroys the cells that release insulin,...

  2. Diabetes: Amputation for Foot Problems - Topic Overview

    Blood vessel and nerve damage associated with diabetes can lead to serious infections that are extremely difficult to treat. Often the first place you have a problem is your feet. When you lose the ability to feel your toes and feet,you are more likely to injure them without knowing it. Even a minor injury,such as a small cut,can develop into an ulcer and a serious infection. Infections of ...

  3. Diabetes: Travel Tips - Topic Overview

    Travel can make it hard to keep your blood sugar within your target range because of changes in time zones,meal schedules,and types of foods available. Check your blood sugar level more often during your time away from home. Whenever you need to see a doctor away from home,let him or her know you have diabetes. And always wear medical identification. In an emergency,medical identification ...

  4. Type 1 Diabetes: Test Schedule 3 to 5 Years After Diagnosis - Topic Overview

    The American Diabetes Association recommends that you have these additional exams and tests every year after you have had type 1 diabetes for 3 to 5 years. 1 Exams and tests done annually after having diabetes for 3 to 5 years When to start Name of tests After having diabetes for 3 to 5 years Visit an ophthalmologist or an optometrist for a dilated eye exam ( ophthalmoscopy ). If you are at low ...

  5. Type 1 Diabetes: Cholesterol Levels - Topic Overview

    Cholesterol (or lipid) problems in people with type 1 diabetes are usually related to the lack of insulin. Lack of insulin increases the level of triglycerides. Normally,insulin makes a certain enzyme that removes triglycerides from the blood. When insulin is used to treat high blood sugar,the triglyceride level goes back to normal. A lack of insulin (and the high blood sugar that results) ...

  6. Quick Tips: Diabetes and Shift Work - Get Started

    Managing diabetes is all about setting a healthy routine of medicine,eating,exercise,and sleep. But when you work night shifts or have changing work shifts,it can seem like there’s nothing at all routine about your life. It’s definitely more of a chore to manage diabetes under such conditions,but it can be done. These tips may help. Get organized Talk to your doctor,diabetes ...

  7. Diabetes: Protecting Your Feet - Topic Overview

    Because you have diabetes,you will need to be especially careful to protect your feet from injury. General precautions Wear shoes all the time. If you do not want to wear shoes indoors,wear slippers with hard soles and good support. Keep your shoes next to your bedside and slip them on your feet as soon as you get out of bed. This will help you develop the habit of wearing footwear and ...

  8. Diabetes: New Treatments - Topic Overview

    In recent years,the research into new treatments and cures for diabetes has shown promise. Research also offers hope that diabetes will become easier to monitor and treat,or even that a cure may be found in the near future. But all of these treatments are experimental. Treatment areas currently being explored include: Blood sugar monitoring technologies. Dietary therapies. Insulin ...

  9. Pancreas Transplant Surgery for Diabetes - Topic Overview

    Pancreas transplant surgery is a surgical treatment for people with type 1 diabetes. The person's pancreas is not removed. The transplanted pancreas is placed in the front part of the abdomen. Insulin from the transplanted pancreas is released into the bloodstream through the lower abdominal blood vessels (veins). See a picture of a pancreas transplant. When the surgery is successful,the ...

  10. Topic Overview

    Diabetes can affect the body's immune system,impairing the ability of white blood cells to come to the site of an infection,stay in the infected area,and kill microorganisms. Because of the buildup of plaque in blood vessels associated with diabetes,areas of infection may receive a poor blood supply,further decreasing the body's ability to fight infections and heal wounds. Common ...

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If the level is below 70 and you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.

People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.

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However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.

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