Prediabetes - When to Call a Doctor
The American Diabetes Association recommends screening for prediabetes-which may lead to type 2 diabetes-if you:4Are 45 years of age or older-particularly if you are overweight- and you have never had your blood glucose (sugar) tested or you have not been tested in more than 3 years.Are younger than 45, overweight (body mass index [BMI] of 25 or greater), and have one or more other risk factors ..
Prediabetes - Setting a Goal to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes
WebMD shows how to set goals to prevent prediabetes from becoming type 2 diabetes.
Prediabetes - Topic Overview
What is prediabetes?Prediabetes is also referred to as impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose. It is a warning sign that you are at risk for developing type 2 diabetes. Most people who develop type 2 diabetes have prediabetes first. Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong disease in which the body does not make enough of the hormone insulin or does not respond to it properly. Over time, ...
Prediabetes - What Increases Your Risk
The risk factors for prediabetes are similar to the risk factors for type 2 diabetes. Most people who develop type 2 diabetes had prediabetes first. Risk factors that you cannot control include: Family history. People who have a parent, brother, or sister with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes have a greater chance of developing these conditions. In the United States, adults who have a parent with ..
Type 2 Diabetes - Treatment Overview
It can be scary to learn that you, your child, a family member, or a friend has type 2 diabetes or is at risk for the disease. Many people are shocked when they find out that they have type 2 diabetes. Others are relieved to know what has been causing their symptoms. Although it is normal to feel angry or depressed about having a serious lifelong disease, it is important to remember that many ...
Type 2 Diabetes - Symptoms
At first, your blood sugar level may rise so slowly that you may not know that anything is wrong. One - third of all people who have diabetes do not know that they have the disease.1If you do have symptoms of type 2 diabetes, they may include:Feeling thirsty. Having to urinate more than usual.Feeling more hungry than usual.Losing weight without trying to.Feeling very tired.Feeling cranky.Other ...
Type 2 Diabetes - Cause
You can develop type 2 diabetes if:Your body does not respond properly to insulin, making it difficult for your cells to get sugar from the blood to make energy. This is called insulin resistance.Your pancreas does not make enough insulin. Your weight, how much physical activity you get, and your family history all affect the way your body responds to insulin. If you are overweight, get little or
Type 2 Diabetes - Living With Type 2 Diabetes
Making healthy choices is a large part of treating type 2 diabetes. The more you learn about the disease, the more motivated you may be to make good choices and to follow your treatment plan. By understanding what is happening in your body, you may also feel more in control of your disease. If you have type 2 diabetes, your daily routine will include:Eating healthy foods and spreading ...
Abnormal levels of fats (lipids) in the blood are twice as common in people with type 2 diabetes as in people who do not have the disease. Obesity, insulin resistance, and high levels of insulin cause several lipid abnormalities.Total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) blood levels can be normal to high.Triglyceride blood levels are usually elevated.High-density lipoprotein (HDL) blood level is usually low.Blood levels of lipoprotein a (Lp a), a type of LDL, are also increased in people who have diabetes. Lp a has been shown to be a risk factor for heart disease in people who do not have diabetes. But its relationship to heart disease in people with diabetes is unknown.The combination of low HDL and high LDL puts people who have diabetes at higher risk for macrovascular disease. These cholesterol abnormalities can improve with good control of blood sugar levels. Regular exercise and weight loss can improve your cholesterol levels. Lack of exercise is linked with higher
Type 2 Diabetes - Medications
Some people with type 2 diabetes need medicine to help their bodies make more insulin, to decrease insulin resistance, or to slow down how quickly their body absorbs carbohydrate.You may take no medicine, one medicine, or a few medicines. Some people need medicine for short periods of time, while others always need to take medicine. How much medicine you need depends on how well you can keep your