The table below summarizes the tests that can be done to identify complications from type 2 diabetes, including those tests done during a physical exam. The physical exam evaluates your overall health. The doctor pays special attention to your eyes, blood vessels, heart, lungs, nerves, abdomen, and feet. Tests range from taking your blood pressure to drawing blood to test your cholesterol or kidney function.Complications from diabetes and the tests used to detect them1Organ or conditionTestWhat it showsTarget levelHigh blood sugarEvery 3 to 6 months, have a hemoglobin A1c test.How steady your blood sugar levels have been over time Less than 7% for most nonpregnant adultsLess than 7.5% for teens 13 to 19 years oldLess than 8% for children 6 to 12 years oldLess than 8.5% for children younger than 6 years of ageHigh cholesterolEvery year, get your LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and triglyceride levels checked.The amount of fat in your blood, which can raise your risk of heart attack
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Your level is currently
If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.
People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.
Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.
However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.
Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.
One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
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