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Diabetes Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Diabetes

  1. Diabetes: Tests to Watch for Complications - Topic Overview

    The table below summarizes the tests that can be done to identify complications from type 2 diabetes, including those tests done during a physical exam. The physical exam evaluates your overall health. The doctor pays special attention to your eyes, blood vessels, heart, lungs, nerves, abdomen, and feet. Tests range from taking your blood pressure to drawing blood to test your cholesterol or kidney function.Complications from diabetes and the tests used to detect them1Organ or conditionTestWhat it showsTarget levelHigh blood sugarEvery 3 to 6 months, have a hemoglobin A1c test.How steady your blood sugar levels have been over time Less than 7% for most nonpregnant adultsLess than 7.5% for teens 13 to 19 years oldLess than 8% for children 6 to 12 years oldLess than 8.5% for children younger than 6 years of ageHigh cholesterolEvery year, get your LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and triglyceride levels checked.The amount of fat in your blood, which can raise your risk of heart attack

  2. Diabetic Retinopathy - Other Treatment

    Laser treatment (photocoagulation) can be an effective treatment for diabetic retinopathy, but it does not cure the disease. It can prevent, delay, and sometimes reverse vision loss.

  3. Diabetes Guide - Treatment Overview

    Type 1 diabetes requires lifelong treatment to keep blood sugar levels within a target range. Treatment includes: Taking several insulin injections every day or using an insulin pump.

  4. Diabetic Retinopathy - Treatment Overview

    There is no cure for diabetic retinopathy. However, laser treatment (photocoagulation) is usually very effective at preventing vision loss if it is done before the retina has been severely damaged.

  5. Type 1 Diabetes: Children Living With the Disease - What Happens

    information on low blood sugar and high blood sugar in children with type 1 diabetes.

  6. Type 1 Diabetes: Children Living With the Disease - Other Treatment

    Avoid products that promise a 'cure' for type 1 diabetes. No such cure exists.

  7. Type 1 Diabetes: Children Living With the Disease - What Increases Your Risk

    Read about risk factors for very high or low blood sugar levels in children with type 1 diabetes.

  8. Diabetes Guide - Cause

    Learn about the causes of type 1 diabetes.

  9. Type 1 Diabetes: Children Living With the Disease - Medications

    Insulin is the only medication that can treat type 1 diabetes.

  10. Diabetic Retinopathy - Topic Overview

    What is diabetic retinopathy? Many people with diabetes develop a problem with their eyes called diabetic retinopathy. Diabetes can damage the small blood vessels in the retina.

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Low
0-69
Normal
70-130
High
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If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.

People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.

Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.

However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.

Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.

One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

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