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Diabetes Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Diabetes

  1. Laser Photocoagulation for Diabetic Retinopathy

    Laser photocoagulation uses the heat from a laser to seal or destroy abnormal, leaking blood vessels in the retina. One of two approaches may be used when treating diabetic retinopathy:Focal photocoagulation. Focal treatment is used to seal specific leaking blood vessels in a small area of the retina, usually near the macula. The ophthalmologist identifies individual blood vessels for treatment ..

  2. Reading Food Labels When You Have Diabetes - Introduction

    WebMD explains how those with diabetes should read food labels to determine if a food is healthy or not.

  3. Diabetes: Staying Motivated - Topic Overview

    You may find it difficult to stay motivated to manage your diabetes appropriately. The following suggestions may help.Set goals and provide positive reinforcementPraise and reward yourself for the things you do right. Use nonfood rewards, such as clothing, sports equipment, books, a golf trip, or a movie night. Engage in positive self-talk instead of being negative or critical of yourself. Set short-term goals for healthy eating habits and exercise.Seek supportSurround yourself with people who encourage and motivate you. Sources of support may include:Health professionals. Friends. Family. An exercise buddy or program. An organized diabetes support group.Look for opportunities to attend meetings or classes where you can receive new diabetes information or simply receive reinforcement of concepts that are already familiar to you. Keep in contact with your doctors. Let them know if you are having difficulties with any area of your care, or if something has changed in your health or

  4. Low Blood Sugar: Emergency Care - Topic Overview

    This information is for people who may help you if you are too weak or confused to treat your own low blood sugar from diabetes or some other health condition that can cause low blood sugar. Make a copy for your partner, coworkers, and friends. If your child has diabetes, you need to provide a copy for teachers, coaches, and other school staff.If the person has type 2 diabetes and is taking medicine that can continue to cause low blood sugar, stay with the person for a few hours after his or her blood sugar level has returned to the target range.Make sure the person can swallow.Lift the person's head so that it will be easier for the person to swallow.Give the person ½ teaspoon of water to swallow.If the person can swallow the water without choking or coughing:Give him or her 4 fl oz (118 mL) to 6 fl oz (177 mL) of liquid (juice or soda pop) from the list of quick-sugar foods.Wait 10 to 15 minutes.If a home blood sugar meter is available, check the person's blood sugar level.Offer

  5. Diabetes: Using a Plate Format to Plan Meals

    A plate format is a simple way to plan a balanced diet. It helps people with diabetes see how much space each food should take on a plate. Anyone can use the plate format to maintain a healthful diet and to decrease the chances of having heart disease and other conditions.Key pointsUsing a plate format will help you spread carbohydrate throughout the day, which will help keep your blood sugar ...

  6. Gestational Diabetes: Checking Your Blood Sugar

    If you have gestational diabetes, you need to know when your blood sugar level is outside the safe range. Fortunately, you can see what your blood sugar level is anywhere and anytime by using a home blood sugar meter. Within a minute or two, you can know what your blood sugar level is.Key pointsKnowing your blood sugar level helps you treat low or high blood sugar before it becomes an ...

  7. Diabetes: Living With an Insulin Pump

    More and more people with diabetes are using insulin pumps instead of daily shots to manage their disease. The pumps give them more freedom to eat,sleep,and exercise when they want.

  8. Diabetic Nephropathy - Treatment Overview

    Diabetic nephropathy is treated with medications that lower blood pressure and protect the kidneys. These medications may reverse kidney damage and are started as soon as any amount of protein is found in the urine (microalbuminuria).

  9. Type 2 Diabetes - What Happens

    Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong disease that affects the way your body uses food for energy. The disease develops when the cells of the body become resistant to insulin or when the pancreas cannot make enough insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps your body's cells get needed energy from sugar. When insulin is not able to do its job, too much sugar builds up in your blood. Over time, this extra ..

  10. Type 2 Diabetes - Symptoms

    At first, your blood sugar level may rise so slowly that you may not know that anything is wrong. One - third of all people who have diabetes do not know that they have the disease.1If you do have symptoms of type 2 diabetes, they may include:Feeling thirsty. Having to urinate more than usual.Feeling more hungry than usual.Losing weight without trying to.Feeling very tired.Feeling cranky.Other ...

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Low
0-69
Normal
70-130
High
131+

Your level is currently

If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.

People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.

Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.

However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.

Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.

One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

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