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Diabetes Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Diabetes

  1. Diabetic Retinopathy - What Happens

    Diabetic retinopathy begins as a mild disease. During the early stage of the disease, the small blood vessels in the retina become weaker and develop small bulges called microaneurysms. These microaneurysms are the earliest signs of retinopathy.

  2. Diabetic Retinopathy - Prevention

    There are steps you can take to reduce your chance of vision loss from diabetic retinopathy and its complications: Control your blood sugar levels. Long - term studies show that keeping blood sugar levels as close to normal as possible reduces the risk of

  3. Pregnancy and Diabetes: Planning for Pregnancy

    Talk to your doctor if you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and are planning to get pregnant, to make sure that both you and your baby are healthy.

  4. Prediabetes - Medications

    Most people with prediabetes get better results by making lifestyle changes, such as losing weight, eating a healthy diet, and getting regular exercise, than with diabetes medication.5However, a health professional may prescribe a biguanide, usually metformin (Glucophage), because it can reduce insulin resistance-especially in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome. In some cases a health ...

  5. Prediabetes - Health Tools

    Health tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition. Using a plate format for people with diabetes ...

  6. Prediabetes - What Increases Your Risk

    The risk factors for prediabetes are similar to the risk factors for type 2 diabetes. Most people who develop type 2 diabetes had prediabetes first. Risk factors that you cannot control include: Family history. People who have a parent, brother, or sister with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes have a greater chance of developing these conditions. In the United States, adults who have a parent with ..

  7. Topic Overview

    Abnormal levels of fats (lipids) in the blood are twice as common in people with type 2 diabetes as in people who do not have the disease. Obesity, insulin resistance, and high levels of insulin cause several lipid abnormalities.Total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) blood levels can be normal to high.Triglyceride blood levels are usually elevated.High-density lipoprotein (HDL) blood level is usually low.Blood levels of lipoprotein a (Lp a), a type of LDL, are also increased in people who have diabetes. Lp a has been shown to be a risk factor for heart disease in people who do not have diabetes. But its relationship to heart disease in people with diabetes is unknown.The combination of low HDL and high LDL puts people who have diabetes at higher risk for macrovascular disease. These cholesterol abnormalities can improve with good control of blood sugar levels. Regular exercise and weight loss can improve your cholesterol levels. Lack of exercise is linked with higher

  8. Type 2 Diabetes - Other Treatment

    You may be tempted to try products or pills that promise to cure your type 2 diabetes. But these products and remedies can be harmful and expensive. If you are considering taking any medicines or herbal remedies without a prescription, talk to your doctor first. ...

  9. Type 2 Diabetes - Symptoms

    At first, your blood sugar level may rise so slowly that you may not know that anything is wrong. One - third of all people who have diabetes do not know that they have the disease.1If you do have symptoms of type 2 diabetes, they may include:Feeling thirsty. Having to urinate more than usual.Feeling more hungry than usual.Losing weight without trying to.Feeling very tired.Feeling cranky.Other ...

  10. Prediabetes - Frequently Asked Questions

    Learning about prediabetes:What is prediabetes?What causes prediabetes?Can I prevent prediabetes?What are the symptoms of prediabetes?What happens in prediabetes?What increases my risk for prediabetes?Being diagnosed:How is prediabetes diagnosed?Who can diagnose prediabetes?Getting treatment:How is prediabetes treated?What are the goals of treatment?Will I need medication?What other forms of ...

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If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.

People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.

Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.

However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.

Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.

One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

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