Childhood Diabetes: Is Diet a Major Culprit?
Type 1 diabetics must check their blood sugar several times
daily by pricking their finger for a blood sample, to avoid excessively high or
low blood sugar, both of which are life-threatening. And they must pay close
attention to healthy diet and exercise.
The Italian study used World Health Organization data to
compare 40 countries, rather than looking at individuals. Although interpreting
this type of data can be difficult, the results are consistent with earlier
studies showing increased type 1 diabetes risk with increased intake of cow's
milk and meat protein, as well as with food additives and nitrates in drinking
water. Earlier findings also suggest that vegetarian diets may protect against
this and other chronic diseases.
The Italian researchers recommend further study of diet during
pregnancy and early infancy to help determine how diet may interact with
inherited tendencies in type 1 diabetes, and to look at possible prevention
In this study, inhabitants of wealthier, better educated, and
colder countries less dependent on farming were at greater risk of type 1
diabetes -- but they may tend to eat more meat and dairy products and less
vegetables and grains.
- Type 1 (juvenile) diabetes affects nearly one child in every 600. Insulin
injections and careful attention to diet and lifestyle improve but do not cure
the disease or entirely prevent serious complications.
- An Italian research study showed that meat and dairy products in the diet
were associated with increased risk of type 1 diabetes, and that vegetables,
especially cereals, were associated with lower risk.
- The role of diet in diabetes may begin during infancy or even pregnancy,
but more study needs to be done to better understand this relationship.