June 2, 2008 -- Eating a traditional
Mediterranean diet may help prevent
type 2 diabetes, a Spanish study shows.
The study included 13,380 Spanish university graduates (age range 20 to 90,
average age 36) who were followed for about four years. They completed a
dietary survey when the study started and follow-up questionnaires every two
years after that.
The dietary survey included questions about foods, cooking methods, and
olive oil consumption.
Based on the survey, participants were scored on a scale from 0 to 9 to show
how closely they followed a Mediterranean
diet. High scores meant they consumed a Mediterranean diet, meaning they
favored legumes, grains, fruits, nuts, vegetables, fish, and moderate drinking
and downplayed meat and dairy products.
A total of 33 people were diagnosed with type 2
diabetes during the follow-up period. Those who followed a Mediterranean
diet were less likely to develop type 2 diabetes during the study.
For every two-point increase in the Mediterranean diet score, the odds of
being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes dropped by 35%.
The study doesn't prove that the Mediterranean diet prevented type 2
diabetes. But the results held regardless of other factors such as
physical activity and family history of diabetes.
The researchers -- who included Miguel A. Martinez-Gonzalez, MD, PhD, MPH,
epidemiology professor at Spain's University of Navarra -- report their
findings in the advance online edition of BMJ.
Because few participants developed type 2 diabetes -- and because the study
only included college graduates in Spain -- the researchers call for further
studies to validate their findings.
Get the latest Diabetes newsletter delivered to your inbox!
Your level is currently
If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.
People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.
Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.
However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.
Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.
One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
Thank you for signing up for the WebMD Diabetes Newsletter!
You'll find tips and tricks as well as the latest news and research on Diabetes.
Did You Know Your Lifestyle Choices
Affect Your Blood Sugar?
Use the Blood Glucose Tracker to monitor
how well you manage your blood sugar over time.