Southern States Make Up Much of ‘Diabetes Belt’
Study Shows High Rates of Type 2 Diabetes in the South
Stroke Belt vs. Diabetes Belt continued...
Though maps of the two disease belts are similar, they are not identical. For example, much of West Virginia is in the diabetes belt but not in the stroke belt. No counties in Indiana are in the diabetes belt, but the state is part of the stroke belt.
Portions of Georgia, mostly in the northern part of the state, are not in the diabetes belt.
One of the differences between people in the diabetes belt and the rest of the U.S. is that the diabetes belt has a greater percentage of non-Hispanic African Americans. This suggests “that interventions that are specifically targeted toward” people of African-American ancestry would be appropriate, the researchers say.
Other factors contributing to the higher rate of diabetes in Southern states may include social and cultural factors.
“It is strongly recommended that public health officials consider culturally appropriate interventions to decrease obesity and sedentary lifestyle for counties within the diabetes belt,” the CDC says.
The research is published in the March issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.