If your doctor suspects that you have
type 2 diabetes, he or she will do a medical
Measure your height and weight. For children
and teens, height and weight will be compared with what is considered normal
for their age groups.
Measure your waist circumference and determine your body mass index (BMI).
blood pressure, once while you are standing and again
while you are sitting.
thyroid gland. Your doctor will check
this gland by feeling it while you swallow. Thyroid problems sometimes develop
in people who have diabetes.
Listen to your heart and lung sounds and checking your blood
flow (pulse) in your arms, legs, and feet. Your doctor also may
listen to the blood flow in your neck (carotid) arteries for evidence of plaque
Check for a skin
acanthosis nigricans, which is associated with
Check for signs of
Cushing's syndrome, a rare disorder that develops when
the body is exposed to too much of the
hormone cortisol. Some people with diabetes also have
Cushing's syndrome. Symptoms include a large percentage of body fat in the
abdominal area (central obesity), skin that appears very tan, and the
appearance of reddish stretch marks on your skin.
Primary Medical Reviewer
E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
Specialist Medical Reviewer
David C.W. Lau, MD, PhD, FRCPC - Endocrinology
July 15, 2010
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
July 15, 2010
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this
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Your level is currently
If the level is below 70 and you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.
People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.
Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.
However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.
Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.
One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
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