Talk to your doctor if you have
type 1 or
type 2 diabetes and are planning to get pregnant. To make sure
that both you and your baby stay healthy, you
may need to fine-tune your diabetes care before you get pregnant.
If you have diabetes and want to get pregnant, the
most important thing you can do is to get your blood sugar in
your target range. This can help
prevent miscarriages and birth defects in your baby and can help keep you
Check your blood sugar often, so you will know if your
blood sugar is under control.
Get regular exercise, and eat healthy
foods. This can keep you at a healthy weight or help you lose weight, if you need to, before you
You play a major role in managing your diabetes. Work with your
doctor to keep your blood sugar as close to your target
range as possible before you get pregnant. To do this:
Eat a balanced diet. And if you are
overweight, try to cut calories in your diet to lose some weight before you get
pregnant. Losing as little as 10 to 20 pounds can improve your blood sugar
levels. There are many ways to manage how much and when you eat. Your doctor, a
diabetes educator, or a dietitian can help you find a plan that works for you.
Exercise regularly. Get at least 30 minutes of exercise on most,
preferably all, days of the week. Exercise helps keep your body and heart healthy. It improves blood pressure and cholesterol. It helps control your blood sugar by
making your body use glucose for energy during and after activity. It also
helps you stay at a healthy weight. Walking, running, biking, and
swimming are good activities for people with diabetes. Talk to your doctor
about starting a
safe exercise program.
Take your medicine or
insulin if prescribed, but let your doctor know that you are planning to get
pregnant. Also let your doctor know about any other medicines you take,
including over-the-counter medicine, to see if you need to make any changes
before you get pregnant.
Check your blood sugar levels regularly,
as advised by your doctor. This will help you figure out how medicine,
exercise, and food affect your blood sugar.
If you have high blood pressure, check with your doctor before getting pregnant, if possible. Blood pressure goals may be lower during pregnancy. And many medicines for high blood pressure are unsafe for a developing fetus.
It is also important to take folic acid supplements before
and during your pregnancy. This may help prevent neural tube defects in the
If you smoke, talk to your doctor about getting help to
quit. Smoking can harm your baby and increases the chances that you will have
problems from diabetes.
Before you start trying to get pregnant,
have your doctor check for problems from diabetes, such as eye or kidney
disease. These problems can get worse during pregnancy.
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Your level is currently
If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.
People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.
Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.
However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.
Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.
One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
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