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Prevention and Early Intervention for Diabetes Foot Problems

References continued...

11. Mayfield JA, Reiber GE, Nelson RG, Greene T: A foot risk classification system to predict diabetic amputation in Pima Indians. Diabetes Care 19(7):704-709, 1996.

12. Murray HJ, Young MJ, Hollis S, Boulton AJ: The association between callus formation, high pressures and neuropathy in diabetic foot ulceration. Diabetic Medicine 13(11):979-982, 1996.

13. Lehto S, Pyorala K, Ronnemaa T, Laakso M: Risk factors predicting lower extremity amputations in patients with NIDDM. Diabetes Care 19(6):607-612, 1996.

14. DCCT Research Group: The effect of intensive treatment of diabetes on the development and progression of long-term complications in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. New England Journal of Medicine 329 (14):977-986, 1993.

15. Pecoraro RE, Reiber GE, Burgess EM: Pathways to diabetic limb amputation. Basis for prevention. Diabetes Care 13(5):513-521, 1990.

16. Isakov E, Susak Z, Budoragin N, Mendelevich I: Self injury resulting in amputation among vascular patients: A retrospective epidemiological study. Disability and Rehabilitation 14:78-80, 1992.

17. Apelqvist J, Larsson J, Agardh CD: The influence of external precipitating factors and peripheral neuropathy on the development and outcome of diabetic foot ulcers. Journal of Diabetes Complications 4(1):21-25, 1990.

18. Sanders LJ: Diabetes mellitus-prevention of amputation. Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association 84(7):322-328, 1994.

19. Rith-Najarian SJ, Stolusky T, Gohdes DM: Identifying diabetic patients at high risk for lower extremily amputation in a primary health care setting. A prospective evaluation of simple screening criteria. Diabetes Care 15(10):1386-1389, 1992.

20. Ahroni JH: Teaching foot care creatively and successfully. The Diabetes Educator 19(4):320- 325, 1993.

21. Litzelman DK, Slemenda CW, Langefeld, CD, Hays LM, Welch MA, Bild DE, Ford ES, Vinicor F: Reduction of lower extremity clinical abnormalities in patients with non-insulin- dependent diabetes mellitus. Annals of Internal Medicine 119(1):36-41, 1993.

22. Barth R, Campbell LV, Allen S, Jupp JJ, Chisholm DJ: Intensive education improves knowledge, compliance, and foot problems in type 2 diabetes. Diabetic Medicine 8:111-117, 1991.

23. Caputo GM, Cavanagh PR, Ulbrecht JS, Gibbons GW, Karchmer AW: Assessment and management of foot disease in patients with diabetes. New England Journal of Medicine 331(13): 854-860, 1994.

24. Ledda MA, Walker EA: Development and formative evaluation of a foot self-care program for African Americans with diabetes. The Diabetes Educator 23(1): 48-51, 1997.

25. Marchand LH, Campbell W, Rolfsen RJ: Lessons from "Feet Can Last a Lifetime": A public health campaign. Diabetes Spectrum 9(4): 214-218, 1996.

26. Fain JA, D'Eramo Melkus G: Nurse practitioner practice patterns based on standards of medical care for patients with diabetes. Diabetes Care 17(8):879-881, 1994.

27. Thompson FJ, Masson EA: Can elderly diabetic patients cooperate with routine foot care? Age and Aging 21:333-337,1992.

WebMD Public Information from the U.S. National Institutes of Health

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