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6 Strategies for Controlling Diabetes

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If you've just been diagnosed with diabetes, you can still enjoy doing the things you love while taking care of yourself.

Use these six strategies to manage your diabetes and live a rewarding, active life.

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Carbohydrates, Fiber, and Diabetes

Carbohydrates are found in sweets, fruit, milk, yogurt, bread, cereal, rice, pasta, and potatoes and other starchy vegetables. They can affect your blood sugar faster than protein or fat, because your body breaks carbs down earlier during digestion. When you have diabetes, it helps to count your carbs and split them evenly between meals. Here's how: You plan how many carbs you get based on the amount of insulin that's available to process it. That insulin could come from your body, or from insulin...

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1. Get Informed About Diabetes

Your first step after being diagnosed is to ask questions and learn as much as you can about:

  • What changes you can make to take care of yourself
  • What medical treatments you need

Start with your doctor. He or she may also put you in touch with diabetes educators, dietitians, or other specialists who can help you get answers to the questions that concern you most.

Also talk to your friends and family members who have diabetes. You could also join a support group and connect online with other people who have diabetes. Knowing more helps you make choices.

2. Get Care for Your Diabetes

Your doctor is your main resource for getting the care you need to live well with diabetes. Your treatment may include:

  • Medication. Whether or not you need medication to help treat your diabetes depends on your symptoms, complications, blood sugar, and other issues.
  • Lifestyle changes. These may include changing your diet, losing extra weight, and becoming more active.
  • Monitoring your blood sugar. Your doctor can teach you how to monitor your blood sugar and show you what to do to avoid highs and lows.

3. Track Your ABCs

Diabetes makes you more likely to get conditions that may affect your eyes, nerves, heart, teeth, and more. This is why you want to keep track of your diabetes ABCs.

  • "A" stands for A1c. This test measures your average blood sugar over the past 2 or 3 months. Your aim is to keep your A1c around 7 without risking low blood sugar. Your doctor can help.
  • "B" stands for blood pressure. If you have diabetes, you are more likely to get high blood pressure, which can lead to other serious conditions. Get your blood pressure checked two to four times a year.
  • "C" stands for cholesterol. Having diabetes can also put you at risk for high cholesterol, which makes heart disease and stroke more likely. Get your cholesterol checked at least once every year.

 

Is This Normal? Get the Facts Fast!

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Answer:
Low
0-69
Normal
70-130
High
131+

Your level is currently

If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.

People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.

Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.

However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.

Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.

One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

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