Andrea Kolligian has learned that she's likely to get well-meaning comments if she eats a donut.
"Can you eat that? Are you sure you can eat that?" a friend or coworker will ask.
Kolligian, an administrative assistant at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston, was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes when she was a teenager, and has been taking insulin ever since. But like many people with type I diabetes, she's learned that the growing prevalence of the type 2 form of the disease, which is often...
Your first step after being diagnosed is to ask questions and learn as much as you can about:
What changes you can make to take care of yourself
What medical treatments you need
Start with your doctor. He or she may also put you in touch with diabetes educators, dietitians, or other specialists who can help you get answers to the questions that concern you most.
Also talk to your friends and family members who have diabetes. You could also join a support group and connect online with other people who have diabetes. Knowing more helps you make choices.
2. Get Care for Your Diabetes
Your doctor is your main resource for getting the care you need to live well with diabetes. Your treatment may include:
Medication. Whether or not you need medication to help treat your diabetes depends on your symptoms, complications, blood sugar, and other issues.
Lifestyle changes. These may include changing your diet, losing extra weight, and becoming more active.
Monitoring your blood sugar. Your doctor can teach you how to monitor your blood sugar and show you what to do to avoid highs and lows.
3. Track Your ABCs
Diabetes makes you more likely to get conditions that may affect your eyes, nerves, heart, teeth, and more. This is why you want to keep track of your diabetes ABCs.
"A" stands for A1c. This test measures your average blood sugar over the past 2 or 3 months. Your aim is to keep your A1c around 7 without risking low blood sugar. Your doctor can help.
"B" stands for blood pressure. If you have diabetes, you are more likely to get high blood pressure, which can lead to other serious conditions. Get your blood pressure checked two to four times a year.
"C" stands for cholesterol. Having diabetes can also put you at risk for high cholesterol, which makes heart disease and stroke more likely. Get your cholesterol checked at least once every year.
4. Take Steps to Manage Your Diabetes
Once you know more about living with diabetes, you're ready to put that knowledge into practice. A healthy lifestyle with diabetes includes:
Seeing your doctor two to four times a year
Eating a balanced diet
Getting 30 minutes of exercise most days of the week
Reaching and keeping a healthy weight
Seeing your dentist at least twice a year
Getting eye and foot exams every year
5. Stop Diabetes Complications Before They Start
You can help prevent complications by controlling your diabetes with diet, medication, exercise, and regular checkups.
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Your level is currently
If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.
People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.
Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.
However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.
Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.
One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
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