Checklist for Shoes and Socks That Fit Well - Topic Overview
feet require specially designed shoes, ask your insurance plan about
covering the cost of the shoes. Medicare will cover foot exams and special
(orthotic) shoes or shoe inserts. Some medical supply shops specialize in
designing custom-fitted shoes for people with
diabetes who have abnormally shaped feet or pressure
sores on their feet.
Good shoes should fit well. To ensure that
your shoes fit well:
- Buy shoes in the evening when your feet are
more likely to be swollen. This will give you a better fit throughout the
- Tell the store clerk that you have diabetes. (If the clerk
doesn't know why that matters, find a store with a clerk who does
- Look for shoes that have roomy toe boxes (the space around
the toes). Shoes with roomy toe boxes (not pointed toes) will help prevent
bunions and blisters.
- Try on shoes wearing the kind of socks you
will usually wear with the shoes.
Good shoes should be made of comfortable materials. Good
shoes are made of materials that are flexible and breathable (don't make your
- Athletic shoes are usually made of comfortable
- Soft, flexible leather is a good shoe
- Wear insoles if there is room in your shoes for
Good shoes should protect your feet.
- Do not buy shoes with plastic tops or uppers or
sandals that have straps between the toes. Avoid plastic shoes in general. They
may rub your feet and cause blisters. They may also make your feet
- Do not wear sandals. Sandals don't protect your toes and
feet from scrapes or cuts.
- Do not buy shoes with very thin soles.
Thin soles can be easily punctured. They also do not protect your feet from hot
pavement or cold weather.
- Do not go barefoot, even when you are