Skip to content

    Diabetes Health Center

    Font Size

    Diabetes: Blood Sugar Levels - Topic Overview

    Keeping your blood sugar in a target range reduces your risk of problems such as diabetic eye disease (retinopathy), kidney disease (nephropathy), and nerve disease (neuropathy).

    The American Diabetes Association (ADA) and American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) suggest the following A1c and blood glucose ranges as a general guide.1, 2, 3, 4

    Recommended Related to Diabetes

    Diabetes Wound Care Checklist: What's in Your First Aid Kit?

    Injuries that are minor in a healthy person can have severe consequences when you have diabetes, so good wound care is essential. Because of reduced circulation and problems with sensation (neuropathy), people with diabetes are at a much higher risk for complications from ordinary, everyday cuts and scrapes.

    Read the Diabetes Wound Care Checklist: What's in Your First Aid Kit? article > >

    • Children of any age with type 2 diabetes and most adults with type 1 or type 2 diabetes (non-pregnant)
      • A1c: Less than 7.0%
      • Before meals: 70 to 130 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL)
      • 1 to 2 hours after meals: Less than 180 mg/dL
    • Youth (younger than 18 years old) with type 1 diabetes
      • A1c: Less than 7.5%
      • Before meals: 90 to 130 mg/dL
      • Bedtime and overnight: 90 to 150 mg/dL
    • Women with type 1 or type 2 diabetes who become pregnant
      • A1c: Less than 6.0%
      • Before meals, bedtime, and overnight: 60 to 99 mg/dL
      • 1 to 2 hours after meals: 100 to 129 mg/dL or lower
    • Women who have gestational diabetes
      • Before meals: 95 mg/dL or less
      • 1 to 2 hours after meals: 120 to 140 mg/dL or lower

    Some people can work toward lower numbers, and some people may need higher goals.

    For example, some children and adolescents with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, people who have severe complications from diabetes, people who may not live much longer, or people who have trouble recognizing the symptoms of low blood sugar may have a higher target range.

    And some people, such as those who are newly diagnosed with diabetes or who don't have any complications from diabetes, may do better with a lower target range.

    Work with your doctor to set your own target blood sugar range. This will help you achieve the best control possible without having a high risk of hypoglycemia.

    WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

    Last Updated: August 06, 2014
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
    Next Article:

    Diabetes: Blood Sugar Levels Topics

    Today on WebMD

    Diabetic tools
    Symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and more.
    woman flexing muscles
    10 strength training exercises.
    Blood sugar test
    12 practical tips.
    Tom Hanks
    Stars living with type 1 or type 2.
    kenneth fujioka, md
    Can Vinegar Treat Diabetes
    Middle aged person
    jennie brand miller

    Prediabetes How to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes
    type 2 diabetes
    food fitness planner