Expert Rita Rastogi Kalyani, MD, MHS, is an assistant professor at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine.
Q: What is prediabetes, and how can I stop it from becoming full-blown diabetes?
A: Prediabetes means your blood sugar (glucose) level is above normal, but not high enough to be considered diabetes. The higher level means your body is starting to have trouble using the hormone insulin, which normally moves glucose from the blood into your body's cells. Without insulin working properly, glucose...
Children of any age with type 2 diabetes and most adults with type 1 or type 2 diabetes (non-pregnant)
A1c: Less than 7.0%
Before meals: 70 to 130 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL)
1 to 2 hours after meals: Less than 180 mg/dL
Youth (younger than 18 years old) with type 1 diabetes
A1c: Less than 7.5%
Before meals: 90 to 130 mg/dL
Bedtime and overnight: 90 to 150 mg/dL
Women with type 1 or type 2 diabetes who become pregnant
A1c: Less than 6.0%
Before meals, bedtime, and overnight: 60 to 99 mg/dL
1 to 2 hours after meals: 100 to 129 mg/dL or lower
Women who have gestational diabetes
Before meals: 95 mg/dL or less
1 to 2 hours after meals: 120 to 140 mg/dL or lower
Some people can work toward lower numbers, and some people may need higher goals.
For example, some children and adolescents with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, people who have severe complications from diabetes, people who may not live much longer, or people who have trouble recognizing the symptoms of low blood sugar may have a higher target range.
And some people, such as those who are newly diagnosed with diabetes or who don't have any complications from diabetes, may do better with a lower target range.
Work with your doctor to set your own
target blood sugar range. This will help you achieve the best control possible
without having a high risk of hypoglycemia.
In this article
This information is produced and provided by the National
Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National
Institute via the Internet web site at http://
.gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
August 06, 2014
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
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