If you have diabetes, you already know the drill. What you eat, when you eat, and how much you eat can send your blood sugar skyrocketing -- or make it plummet. For better or worse, "diet and diabetes" go together like salt and pepper.
So if you need a little motivation to eat better - and who doesn't? - consider this: with diabetes, you're at high risk of the nerve pain and damage called diabetic neuropathy. What can start as a little tingling or numbness in your feet can turn into major problems...
Children of any age with type 2 diabetes and most adults with type 1 or type 2 diabetes (non-pregnant)
A1c: Less than 7.0%
Before meals: 70 to 130 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL)
1 to 2 hours after meals: Less than 180 mg/dL
Women with type 1 or type 2 diabetes who become pregnant
A1c: Less than 6.0%
Before meals, bedtime, and overnight: 60 to 99 mg/dL
1 to 2 hours after meals: 100 to 129 mg/dL or lower
Women who have gestational diabetes
Before meals: 95 mg/dL or less
1 to 2 hours after meals: 120 to 140 mg/dL or lower
Adolescents and young adults with type 1 diabetes (13 to 19 years old)
A1c: Less than 7.5%
Before meals: 90 to 130 mg/dL
Bedtime and overnight: 90 to 150 mg/dL
School-age children with type 1 diabetes (6 to 12 years old)
A1c: Less than 8.0%
Before meals: 90 to 180 mg/dL
Bedtime and overnight: 100 to 180 mg/dL
Toddlers and preschoolers with type 1 diabetes (under 6 years old)
A1c: Less than 8.5%
Before meals: 100 to 180 mg/dL
Bedtime and overnight: 110 to 200 mg/dL
Some people can work toward lower numbers, and some people may need higher goals.
For example, some children and adolescents with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, people who have severe complications from diabetes, people who may not live much longer, or people who have trouble recognizing the symptoms of low blood sugar may have a higher target range.
And some people, such as those who are newly diagnosed with diabetes or who don't have any complications from diabetes, may do better with a lower target range.
Work with your doctor to set your own
target blood sugar range. This will help you achieve the best control possible
without having a high risk of hypoglycemia.
In this article
This information is produced and provided by the National
Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National
Institute via the Internet web site at http://
.gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
June 24, 2013
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this
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Your level is currently
If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.
People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.
Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.
However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.
Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.
One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
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