Diabetes: Exams and Tests You Need - Topic Overview
The American Diabetes Association recommends that
diabetes have regular exams and tests according to the
Schedule for exams and tests beginning at diagnosis of diabetes
Exams and tests
Every 3 months
Visit your doctor for:
A review of your blood sugar levels since
your last checkup. Your doctor will evaluate whether your prescribed treatment
A blood pressure check. If you have
high blood pressure, ask whether you should monitor
your blood pressure at home. Your child with diabetes needs to keep his or her
blood pressure within the levels appropriate for his or her age.
examination of your feet for signs of injury, infection, or other foot
A hemoglobin A1c or similar test (glycosylated hemoglobin
glycohemoglobin). If your blood sugar levels are
remaining stable and your treatment hasn't changed, this test may be done every
Adults with diabetes and no history
of heart disease need to keep their LDL cholesterol level less than 100 mg/dL,
their triglyceride level less than 150 mg/dL, and, if possible, their HDL
cholesterol level more than 40 mg/dL for men, and more than 50 mg/dL for
Adults with diabetes and a history
of heart disease need to keep their LDL cholesterol level less than 100 mg/dL
or aim for keeping it at 70 mg/dL.
A thorough examination of your feet,
including testing your ability to feel sensation.
Children with a
family history of high cholesterol or early
coronary artery disease (CAD) need to be tested right
after diagnosis (if they are 2 years of age or older). If there is no family
history of early CAD or high cholesterol, children should first be tested at
Children with diabetes need to
keep their LDL cholesterol less than 100 mg/dL.
A thorough examination of your child's
feet, including testing to see how well he or she can feel when the feet are
touched. Your child with diabetes may not need a thorough examination of his or
her feet each year until after puberty.
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Your level is currently
If the level is below 70 and you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.
People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.
Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.
However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.
Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.
One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
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