Diabetes: How to Give Glucagon - Topic Overview
To give an injection of glucagon
Glucagon is given just like an injection of
insulin and can be given in the same areas of the body as insulin. Follow the
steps below to
give an injection of glucagon .
- Turn the person's head to the side to prevent
choking if he or she vomits.
- Make sure the injection site is clean.
If you use alcohol to clean the skin, let it dry.
- With one hand, slightly pinch a
fold of skin between your fingers.
- Hold the syringe
like a pencil close to the site, keeping your fingers off the plunger. Usually
the syringe goes straight into the skin (90-degree angle). But for thin adults and small
children with little fat, the needle may need to go in at a slant (45-degree
angle ) to keep the medicine from going into muscle.
your wrist, and quickly push the needle all the way into the pinched-up
- Push the plunger of the syringe all the way in so that the medicine
goes into the tissue. Give the amount of glucagon that the person's doctor has
- Remove the needle from the skin slowly and at the same
angle that you inserted it.
- Give some quick-sugar food when the
person is alert.
After you give the glucagon shot, immediately call911or other emergency services. If emergency services have not arrived
within 5 minutes and the person is still unconscious, give another glucagon
Any time a person with diabetes gets glucagon, he or she
should talk to a doctor to try to find out what caused the low blood sugar
episode. Possible causes include missing a meal, injecting insulin into a blood
vessel, having an illness other than diabetes, having liver or kidney damage,
exercise, or taking a new medicine.