Skip to content
My WebMD Sign In, Sign Up

Diabetes Health Center

Font Size

Diabetes in Children: Care Plan for School or Day Care - Topic Overview

Federal laws protect children with diabetes from discrimination in schools and child care settings. Schools and child care centers must provide reasonable help for the special needs of children with diabetes while disrupting the usual routine as little as possible. Also, children should be allowed to take part in all school activities.1

If your child has diabetes, work with your child care center or school to build a care plan that meets your child's needs and gives specific instructions for how to handle the following:1

  • Blood sugar testing. Include how often and in what situations your child's blood sugar needs testing. For example, your child may need routine testing before lunch and special testing if he or she appears to have low blood sugar.
  • Insulin injections, if needed. Include information on how to give an insulin injection, how much medicine to give, and how to store insulin.
  • Meals and snacks. Make a list of foods that your child can eat, how much, and when. Talk with the staff about what to do when there are parties at the facility.
  • Symptoms of and treatment for low blood sugar. Use the information found under Dealing with low blood sugar level (hypoglycemia) emergencies for people taking insulin in the Home Treatment section of this topic. Give the staff copies of this information for later reference. And tell them how your child acts when his or her blood sugar level is low.
  • Symptoms of and treatment for high blood sugar. Use the information found under Dealing with high blood sugar level (hyperglycemia) emergencies in the Home Treatment section of this topic. Give the staff copies of the information for later reference. And tell them how your child acts when his or her blood sugar level is high.
  • Testing ketonesketones. Include instructions for when and how to test your child's urine for ketones and what to do if ketones are present.
  • Contact persons. Include how to contact both parents or another adult who cares for the child as well as the name and phone number of the child's doctor.

You may hear a care plan called a "504" plan. 504 refers to Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 1991, and the Americans with Disabilities Act. These are laws that protect people who have disabilities. It means that schools that have federal funding cannot discriminate against children who have disabilities, and that includes children who have diabetes.1 You can find a Diabetes Medical Management Plan on the American Diabetes Association's website.

You will need to give the staff all of the materials and equipment they need to care for your child, including supplies to do a home blood sugar test, insulin, syringes, glucagon (if it's in the care plan), and materials for testing urine for ketones. And you need to teach the staff how to use these materials. Remind the staff that your child needs access to the materials and equipment at all times, even on a field trip. Now and then, check the expiration dates of supplies your child has at school.

1|2

WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

Last Updated: December 04, 2012
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
Next Article:

Diabetes in Children: Care Plan for School or Day Care Topics

Is This Normal? Get the Facts Fast!

Check Your Blood Sugar Level Now
What type of diabetes do you have?
Your gender:

Get the latest Diabetes newsletter delivered to your inbox!


or
Answer:
Low
0-69
Normal
70-130
High
131+

Your level is currently

If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.

People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.

Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.

However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.

Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.

One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

Did You Know Your Lifestyle Choices
Affect Your Blood Sugar?

Use the Blood Glucose Tracker to monitor
how well you manage your blood sugar over time.

Get Started

This tool is not intended for women who are pregnant.

Start Over

Step:  of 

Today on WebMD

Diabetic tools
Symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and more.
woman flexing muscles
10 strength training exercises.
 
Blood sugar test
12 practical tips.
Tom Hanks
Stars living with type 1 or type 2.
 
Woman serving fast food from window
Video
Can Vinegar Treat Diabetes
Video
 
Middle aged person
Tool
are battery operated toothbrushes really better
Video
 

Prediabetes How to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes
Article
type 2 diabetes
Slideshow
 
food fitness planner
Tool
Are You at Risk for Dupuytrens Contracture
Article