Diabetes in Children: Care Plan for School or Day Care - Topic Overview
Federal laws protect children with
diabetes from discrimination in schools and child care
settings. Schools and child care centers must provide reasonable help for the
special needs of children with diabetes while disrupting the usual routine as
little as possible. Also, children should be allowed to take part in
all school activities.1
If your child has
diabetes, work with your child care center or school to build a care plan
that meets your child's needs and gives specific instructions for how to handle
- Blood sugar testing. Include how often and in what
situations your child's blood sugar needs testing. For example, your child may
need routine testing before lunch and special testing if he or she appears to
have low blood sugar.
- Insulin injections, if needed. Include information on
how to give an insulin injection, how much medicine to give, and how to store
- Meals and snacks. Make a list of foods that your child can
eat, how much, and when. Talk with the staff about what to do when there are
parties at the facility.
- Symptoms of and treatment for low blood sugar. Use
the information found under Dealing with low blood sugar level (hypoglycemia)
emergencies for people taking insulin in the Home Treatment section of this
topic. Give the staff copies of this information for later reference. And tell
them how your child acts when his or her blood sugar level is low.
- Symptoms of and treatment for high blood sugar. Use
the information found under Dealing with high blood sugar level (hyperglycemia)
emergencies in the Home Treatment section of this topic. Give the staff copies
of the information for later reference. And tell them how your child acts when
his or her blood sugar level is high.
- Testing ketonesketones. Include instructions for when and how to
test your child for ketones and what to do if ketones are
- Contact persons. Include how to contact both parents
or another adult who cares for the child as well as the name and phone number
of the child's doctor.