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Diabetes: New Treatments - Topic Overview

In recent years, the research into new treatments and cures for diabetes has shown promise. Research also offers hope that diabetes will become easier to monitor and treat, or even that a cure may be found in the near future. But all of these treatments are experimental.

Treatment areas currently being explored include:

  • Blood sugar monitoring technologies.
  • Dietary therapies.
  • Insulin therapies.
  • Genetic therapies.

If you have a strong interest in any of these treatments, discuss the treatment with your doctor.

New blood sugar monitoring technologies

Better monitors and lancets that minimize the pain from frequent finger sticks or that allow alternate testing sites, such as your forearm, are now in use.

A continuous glucose monitor camera.gif is a device with a sensor that is placed under the skin to measure blood glucose.

A combination insulin pump and glucose monitoring system is approved for adults by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). With this system, you insert a disposable sensor under the skin around your waist. The sensor measures your blood sugar over 280 times a day. An alarm sounds if you have unsafe sugar levels. You still need to test your blood sugar using finger sticks to calibrate the device and before changing your insulin dose. This device has the potential to give you more information about how diet, exercise, and medicines affect blood sugar levels.

New dietary therapies

New dietary research has shown that certain foods may have an even more beneficial effect on diabetes treatment than was first thought. For instance, increasing your consumption of soluble fiber has been proved to help prevent high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) as effectively as taking an oral hypoglycemic medicine. Also, eating foods with a lower glycemic index may help keep your blood sugar levels within your target range.

Diabetes can be greatly affected by what you eat. New research reaffirms this and reinforces the importance of having a registered dietitian on your diabetes treatment team. A registered dietitian can help you determine which new dietary recommendations might be helpful.

New insulin therapies

The insulin patch is another new method currently under development. An insulin patch functions much the same way as a nicotine patch. A patch is placed on your skin, usually on your arm, where it delivers a constant low dose of insulin. To increase your insulin dose at meal times, you remove a tab on the patch to expose the skin to more insulin. While the patch provides a very convenient, painless method of insulin delivery, insulin does not travel through the skin easily.

New shorter needles are available that make it less likely that you would inject insulin into a muscle. Newer needles are also smaller in diameter, which makes injections less painful.

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If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.

People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.

Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.

However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.

Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.

One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

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