Researchers have recently
identified a gene that is linked to
insulin resistance and that might predispose a person
to type 2 diabetes. This gene seems to promote excess production of
a protein called PC-1, which interferes with insulin's ability to help a cell
use glucose. It is hoped that this knowledge will help identify people who may
develop type 2 diabetes at some point in their lives and possibly help improve
their treatment. Possible therapies might include:
Diabetes vaccines. An experimental vaccine to
prevent type 1 diabetes is being tested in mice. The vaccine, composed of DNA,
is designed to stop or prevent the body's destruction of its islet
Gene therapy. Scientists have genetically engineered liver
cells to produce insulin. This procedure varies slightly from
islet celltransplants because the DNA that produces
insulin is actually inserted into liver cells. A drawback of this therapy is
that insulin produced by the liver is not regulated in the same way it would be
if it were produced by the pancreas. The liver does not increase the output of
insulin when a person eats and then decrease it between meals. Instead, the
liver produces a fairly constant amount of insulin. This could cause problems
at meal times for some people who have diabetes.
Researchers are exploring whether stem cells might be used to make cells that
produce insulin. Stem cells are early cells that have the ability to grow into
any type of cell.
Immune system modulators. Scientists are studying
whether certain medicines can be given to people early in the course of their
type 1 diabetes to keep their remaining insulin-producing cells from being
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Your level is currently
If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.
People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.
Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.
However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.
Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.
One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
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