Diabetes-Related High and Low Blood Sugar Levels - Home Treatment
Manage your blood sugar level
When you have diabetes, whether it
type 1 diabetes,
type 2 diabetes, or
gestational diabetes, one of the most important skills
you will learn is how to manage your blood sugar level.
Following your doctor's
instructions on the use of
insulin or diabetes medicines, diet, and exercise will
help you avoid blood sugar problems. You will learn to recognize the symptoms
and distinguish between high and low blood sugar levels. It may be hard
for a parent of a young child to distinguish the
difference between high and low blood sugar symptoms in a child.
When you have learned to recognize high or low blood sugar
levels, you can take the appropriate steps to bring your blood sugar level back
target blood sugar levels.
People who keep
their blood sugar levels under control with diet, exercise, or oral diabetes
medicines are less likely to have problems with high or low blood sugar
levels. Do not drink alcohol if you have problems recognizing the early signs of low blood sugar.
Learn how to deal with high blood sugar levels
sure to know the steps for dealing with high blood sugar and how fast your insulin medicine will work to bring your blood sugar
down. Some insulins work very fast while regular insulin takes a little longer
to bring the sugar level down. Knowing how fast your insulin works will keep
you from using too much too quickly.
Learn how to deal with low blood sugar levels
you have diabetes and can have low blood sugar levels, you need to keep some
type of food with you at all times that can quickly raise your blood sugar
level. These should be quick-sugar foods (about 15 grams of carbohydrate). Be sure to check
your blood sugar level again 15 minutes after eating a quick-sugar
(carbohydrate) food to make sure your level is getting back to your target
range. When your blood sugar gets to 70 mg/dL or higher, you can eat your normal meals and snacks.
Foods to help raise blood sugar1, 2, 3
|Glucose tablets ||3–4 tablets |
|Glucose gel ||1 tube |
|Table sugar ||1 tablespoon (3 teaspoons)|
|Fruit juice or regular soda pop ||½–¾ cup (4–6 ounces)|
|Fat-free milk ||1 cup (8 ounces)|
|Honey||1 tablespoon (3 teaspoons)|
|Raisins ||2 tablespoons |
|Gum drops ||10|
|Candy like Life Savers||5–7 pieces|
|Hard candy (like Jolly Rancher)||3 pieces|