Diabetic Neuropathy - Symptoms
Diabetic neuropathy-especially peripheral neuropathy-initially may not cause any noticeable symptoms. If you have diabetes, it is important to have regular medical checkups to check for signs of neuropathy and treat problems before they become serious.
Symptoms of diabetic neuropathy may vary depending on the type of neuropathy you have.
Symptoms of peripheral neuropathy
Peripheral neuropathy tends to develop slowly over months or years. In general, symptoms may include:
- Reduced feeling or numbness in the feet.
- Over time, tightness, burning, shooting, or stabbing pain in the feet, hands, or other parts of the body. Bone and joint deformities can develop, especially in the feet (such as Charcot foot ).
- Greatly reduced or greatly increased sensitivity to light touch or temperature.
Weakness and loss of balance and coordination.
Symptoms of autonomic neuropathy
Autonomic neuropathy may affect digestion, the body's ability to regulate temperature, urination, sexual function, and heart and blood vessel function, including blood pressure. Symptoms may get worse during pregnancy. In general, symptoms may include:
- Frequent bloating, belching, constipation, heartburn, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. These symptoms may point to gastroparesis, a condition that causes the stomach to empty much slower than normal.
- Extreme sweating of the torso, face, or neck at night or while eating certain foods, such as spicy foods and cheese. Some people may have reduced sweating, especially in their feet and legs.
- Trouble sensing when the bladder is full or problems emptying the bladder completely.
- Sexual problems, such as erection problems in men and vaginal dryness in women.
Dizziness, weakness, or fainting when you stand or sit up from a reclining position (orthostatic hypotension).
- Trouble knowing when your blood sugar is low (hypoglycemia unawareness).
Symptoms of focal neuropathy
Symptoms of focal neuropathy usually appear suddenly. They may include:
- Pain, weakness, and motor problems in a single area of the body, such as a wrist, thigh, or foot. In cases of a compressed or pinched nerve, soreness and pain may develop more gradually over several weeks or months.
- Pain in and around one of your eyes, trouble moving an eye, and double vision. Focal neuropathy may sometimes affect the nerves that control your eye muscles.
Symptoms of focal neuropathy usually get better over time. But focal neuropathy may be permanent.