There are steps you can take to reduce your
chance of vision loss from
diabetic retinopathy and its complications:
Control your blood sugar levels. Keep blood sugar levels
in a target range by eating a healthful diet, frequently
monitoring your blood sugar levels, getting regular physical exercise, and
insulin or medicines for
type 2 diabetes if prescribed.
Control your blood pressure. Retinopathy is more
likely to progress to the severe form and macular edema is more likely to occur in people who
have high blood pressure. It is not clear whether treating high blood pressure
can directly affect long-term vision. But in general, keeping blood pressure
levels in a target range can reduce the risk of many different complications of
diabetes. For more information about how to control
your blood pressure, see the topic High Blood Pressure.
Have your eyes examined by an eye specialist (ophthalmologist or optometrist) every year. Screening for diabetic retinopathy and other eye problems will not
prevent diabetic eye disease. But it can help you avoid vision loss by allowing
for early detection and treatment.
See an ophthalmologist if you have changes in your vision. Changes in
floaters, pain or pressure in the eye, blurry or
double vision, or new vision loss—may be symptoms of serious damage to your
retina. In most cases, the sooner the problem can be
treated, the more effective the treatment will be.
The risk for severe retinopathy and vision loss
may be even less if you:
It is possible that the main title of the report Hypoglycemia is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.
Don't smoke. Although smoking has not been proved to increase the risk of
retinopathy, smoking may aggravate many of the other health problems faced by
people with diabetes, including disease of the small blood
Avoid hazardous activities. Certain
physical activities, like weight lifting or some contact sports, may trigger
bleeding in the eye through impact or increased pressure. Avoiding these
activities when you have diabetic retinopathy can help reduce the risk of
damage to your vision.
Get adequate exercise. Exercise helps keep blood sugar levels in a target range, which can
reduce the risk of vision damage from diabetic retinopathy. Talk to your doctor about what kinds of exercise are safe for
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Your level is currently
If the level is below 70 and you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.
People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.
Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.
However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.
Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.
One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
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