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Diabetic Retinopathy - References


  1. American Diabetes Association (2013). Standards of medical care in diabetes—2013. Diabetes Care, 36(Suppl 1): S11–S66.

Other Works Consulted

  • American Diabetes Association (2013). Standards of medical care in diabetes—2013. Diabetes Care, 36(Suppl 1): S11–S66.

  • Brownlee M, et al. (2011). Complications of diabetes mellitus. In S Melmed et al., eds., Williams Textbook of Endocrinology, 12th ed., pp. 1462–1551. Philadelphia: Saunders.

  • Cavallerano JD, Stanton RM (2010). MIcrovascular complications. In RS Beaser, ed., Joslin's Diabetes Deskbook: A Guide for Primary Care Providers, 2nd ed., pp. 445–473. Boston: Joslin Diabetes Center.

  • Dagogo-Jack S (2010). Complications of diabetes mellitus. In EG Nabel, ed., ACP Medicine, section 9, chap. 3. Hamilton, ON: BC Decker.

  • Fletcher EC, et al. (2011). Retina. In P Riordan-Eva, JP Whitcher, eds., Vaughan and Asbury's General Ophthalmology, 18th ed., pp. 190–221. New York: McGraw-Hill.

  • Gebel E (2010). Aids for insulin users. Diabetes Forecast, 63(1). Available online:

  • Hammes HP, et al. (2010). Diabetic retinopathy: Targeting vasoregression. Diabetes, 60(1): 9–16. Available online:

  • Massin P, et al. (2010). Safety and efficacy of ranibizumab in diabetic macular edema (RESOLVE study*). Diabetes Care, 33(11): 2399–2405. Available online:

  • Mohamed QA, et al. (2011). Diabetic retinopathy (treatment), search date June 2010. BMJ Clinical Evidence. Available online:

  • Nicholson BP, Schachat AP (2010). A review of clinical trials of anti-VEGF agents for diabetic retinopathy. Graefe's Archive of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, 248(7): 915–930.

    This information is produced and provided by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National Cancer Institute via the Internet web site at http:// cancer .gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.

    WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

    Last Updated: January 28, 2014
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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