Because foot disease in
diabetes usually begins with neuropathy, your first step in preventing foot
problems should be addressing problems with your nerves. Neuropathy causes
problems in your feet by disrupting your nerves, both reducing your sensation
of pain and causing problems with the way you walk. Such problems can damage
your feet in the following ways:
Reduced sensation prevents you from sensing
pain and realizing that your foot has been injured. Poor eyesight can also
reduce your ability to detect foot injuries and infections. For example, you
may have a blister and not realize it because you don't feel any pain from it or see the blister. Without treatment, this injury may progress to
Your feet are at
risk for problems that arise from poor muscular control. If your nerves are no
longer able to carry signals that mean the appropriate motion of your feet
and lower legs while you walk, your body may compensate by forcing your feet to
adopt unnatural positions while you move. Changing the way you walk increases
your risk of getting foot ulcers and deformities. Your feet may become deformed
and misshapen if you walk abnormally for an extended period of time. In fact,
about half of all people with diabetes have a
hammer toe or claw toe deformity or a
Charcot foot deformity, caused by an abnormal walk.
See a picture of
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Your level is currently
If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.
People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.
Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.
However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.
Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.
One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
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