How Diabetes Causes Nerve Disease - Topic Overview
blood sugar from
diabetes affects the nerves and over time increases a
person's risk for nerve damage. Keeping blood sugar levels within the target range recommended by your doctor helps prevent diabetic neuropathy.
- The most common type of nerve disease
(neuropathy) affects both sensory nerves, which send information to the spinal
cord and brain, and motor nerves, which relay impulses from the brain and
spinal cord to move muscles. This is called diabetic peripheral
- Diabetes also affects the nerves that control
involuntary body functions, such as digestion. This is called diabetic
- Diabetes can affect single nerves. This is
called diabetic focal neuropathy.
Diabetic peripheral neuropathy
neuropathy, people experience a decrease in sensation or even numbness as well
as trouble moving the feet and, later on, the fingers and hands. As a result
of this neuropathy, many people with diabetes can't feel when they have
injured their feet, and they may not know if calluses or ulcers form. Because
of the risk of serious foot injury and infection, it is very important that
people with diabetes learn how to examine their feet daily, wear shoes that fit
well, and protect their feet from injury.