Even if you have risk factors for prediabetes, you can still take steps to prevent the disease. And if you already have prediabetes, these same steps can keep it from turning into type 2 diabetes.
Your risk for prediabetes is higher if you are overweight and physically inactive. So:
Watch your weight. Try to lose 5% to 10% of your body weight. For example, if you weigh 200 pounds, aim to lose 10 to 20 pounds. Losing weight can be hard, but you can do it. The easiest way to start is by cutting calories and getting more active. For help, see the topic Weight Management.
Make healthy food choices. It can be hard to make big changes in the way you eat. It's okay to start small, by limiting the amount of unhealthy fat you eat and by eating more fruits, vegetables, and fiber. For help, see the topic Healthy Eating.
Be active. When you're active, your body uses glucose. The more active you are, the more glucose your body uses for energy. This keeps the sugar from building up in your blood. Exercise can also improve insulin resistance. Walking is a great way to start. For help, see the topic Fitness.