Type 1 Diabetes: Children Living With the Disease - Treatment Overview
The goal of your child's treatment
type 1 diabetes is to always keep his or her blood
sugar levels within a
target range. A target range reduces
the chance of diabetes complications. Daily diabetes care and regular medical
checkups will help you and your child accomplish this goal.
Your child's daily care
Exercise. Experts recommend that teens and children (starting
at age 6) do moderate to vigorous activity at least 1 hour every day.1
Changing appetite and "picky eating." A
registered dietitian can help you build a flexible
meal plan to meet your child's appetite needs and allow for special events,
such as parties and school activities. If you use rapid-acting insulin, you can
give the insulin dose after a meal based on what your child ate. Some
tips for mealtimes with young children include having alternative meal
Illness. Work with your doctor to set up sick-day guidelines for your child. These help you prevent high blood sugar emergencies when your child is ill. Talk
with the doctor before giving your child any nonprescription medicine.
Exercise. If your child is not very active, limit his or her
time playing video games, watching TV, or using the computer. Plan some
activities to do along with your child, such as in-line skating or bicycling.
Use these tips for exercising safely to help prevent low blood sugar in your child.
You will also want to:
Always have your child wear medical identification to let
medical personnel know that he or she has diabetes. You can buy
medical identification bracelets, necklaces, or other forms of jewelry at a
pharmacy or on the Internet. Temporary medical identification tattoos are another form of medical identification.
Teach your child about good foot care. Foot problems are rare in children who have diabetes. But adults can have foot problems, especially with diabetic neuropathy. Teach your child the importance of wearing shoes that fit properly.
Check your child's feet if he or she has signs of injury or infection. Teach your child to get in the habit of washing and drying feet thoroughly. If you notice a foot problem, even a
minor one, talk with your child's doctor before treating it.
Keep your child's day care or school plan for diabetes care up
to date. Have written instructions for your babysitter and other caregivers.
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Your level is currently
If the level is below 70 and you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.
People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.
Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.
However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.
Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.
One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
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