Circulation problems in your legs and
feet (peripheral arterial disease) can cause changes in skin color, less
feeling in your legs and feet, and leg cramps during exercise.
Eye disease can cause vision problems,
blindness, or (rarely) pain in your eyes.
Kidney disease may not cause any
symptoms at first. As time goes on, you may have swelling in your feet and legs
and, if severe, all through your body. It can also cause high blood pressure over
Nerve disease causes different symptoms
depending on which nerves are affected.
If the nerves related to feeling and touch are affected, it
can cause tingling, numbness, tightness, burning, or shooting or stabbing pain
in your feet, hands, or other parts of your body, especially at night. You may
not notice an injury, especially on your foot, until you have a severe
infection. A bad foot infection can spread up your leg and into your bones. If
this happens, the affected limb may need to be removed (amputated).
If the nerves that control internal organs are damaged, you
may have sexual problems or problems with digestion or your bladder. You may
also sweat a lot or too little, feel dizzy or weak, or faint when you stand up.
It may be hard to tell when your blood sugar is low.
How are they treated?
Depending on the problem,
treatment for a diabetes complication may include medicine, surgery, or other
therapies. Early treatment for a complication can help slow the damage and may
prevent other problems.
But there is a lot that you can do
yourself. Here are seven steps you can take to help keep health problems from
Keep your blood sugar within a target range. Part of
your daily routine includes checking your blood sugar levels regularly as
advised by your doctor.
Lose weight if you need to, get plenty of exercise, and try to
eat about the same amount of
carbohydrate at each meal. Making these lifestyle
changes may make you feel better and help control your blood sugar.
Talk to your doctor about whether you should take low-dose aspirin. Daily low-dose aspirin (81 milligrams) may help prevent heart problems if you are at risk for heart attack or stroke.
Don't smoke. Smoking raises your risk for heart attack, stroke,
and many other serious problems.
Take medicine, if you need it, to control
high blood pressure and
high cholesterol. This may help prevent other problems from diabetes.
Take care of your feet. Wash and dry them carefully every day,
and look for any sores or injuries that you may not feel because of nerve
Have regular checkups every 3 to 6 months (or more often if
you need to), and watch for signs of other problems. Also be sure to see your
eye doctor and dentist regularly.
Get the latest Diabetes newsletter delivered to your inbox!
Your level is currently
If the level is below 70 and you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.
People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.
Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.
However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.
Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.
One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
Thank you for signing up for the WebMD Diabetes Newsletter!
You'll find tips and tricks as well as the latest news and research on Diabetes.
Did You Know Your Lifestyle Choices
Affect Your Blood Sugar?
Use the Blood Glucose Tracker to monitor
how well you manage your blood sugar over time.