Type 1 Diabetes: Living With the Disease - Medications
type 1 diabetes needs to take insulin. You are
probably taking more than one
type of insulin, either as an injection or by using an
The amount and type of
insulin you take will likely change over time, depending on changes that occur
with normal aging, changes in your exercise routine, and hormonal changes (such
as during rapid growth of adolescence or pregnancy). You may need higher doses
of insulin when you are ill or experiencing emotional stress. A woman needs
much more insulin than usual during the last part of pregnancy.
Learn about insulin:
Know the dose of each type of insulin you take,
when you take the doses, how long it takes for each type of insulin to start
working (onset), when it will have its greatest effect (peak), and how long it
will work (duration).
Never skip a dose of
insulin without the advice of your doctor.
You may need other medicines at
some point in your life.
If small amounts of protein are found when
your urine is tested (microalbuminuria), you may be in the early stage of
diabetic nephropathy. You may be given an
angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor or an
angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB).
Talk to your doctor about whether you should take low-dose aspirin. Daily low-dose aspirin (81 milligrams) may help prevent heart problems if you are at risk for heart attack or stroke. People with diabetes are 2 to 4
times more likely than people who don't have diabetes to develop fatal heart and blood vessel diseases.5
If you have high blood
high cholesterol, you may need other medicines to
treat these conditions. Adequate treatment may help prevent complications from
diabetes. You may need one or more medicines to lower blood pressure. You also
may need to take
statins to lower your cholesterol. Statins are
medicines that can reduce LDL levels and the risk of heart disease in people
who have diabetes.5
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Your level is currently
If the level is below 70 and you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.
People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.
Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.
However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.
Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.
One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
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