Type 1 Diabetes: Living With the Disease - Prevention
Preventing high and low blood sugar
type 1 diabetes helps keep your blood sugar within your target range. But insulin by injection cannot exactly match the minute-by-minute
adjustments your pancreas would make on its own. So you will have low and high
blood sugar from time to time.
You can prevent many of these
Taking your insulin as
Eating meals according to your meal plan.
Having a daily routine where you eat and exercise about the
same amounts and at about the same times every day.
blood sugar level several times a day and whenever you think it may be high or
Keeping your blood sugar
levels carefully within a
target range is the most effective way
to prevent complications. The higher your blood sugar level, the greater your
risk for developing complications. A teen who keeps his or her blood
sugar levels within a target range can prevent complications from
developing in early adulthood.
also help prevent these complications by:
Having yearly screening for protein in your
urine after you have had diabetes for 5 years. This is the only way to detect
early kidney damage (diabetic nephropathy). If kidney damage
is found, medicine can help slow, or possibly reverse, the
Talk to your doctor about whether you should take low-dose aspirin. Daily low-dose aspirin (81 milligrams) may help prevent heart problems if you are at risk for heart attack or stroke. People with diabetes are 2 to 4 times
more likely than people who don't have diabetes to develop fatal heart and
blood vessel diseases.
Smoking increases your risk for diabetes-caused damage to the blood
vessels. Smoking could increase your teen's
risk for developing complications in early adulthood.
alcohol intake to no more than 2 drinks a day for men and 1 drink a day for
women (none if you are pregnant). Discuss with your doctor whether you should drink alcohol.
Keeping your immunizations up to
date. Diabetes affects your
immune system, increasing your risk for developing a
severe illness, such as influenza or pneumonia. See the topic
Immunizations for the recommended immunization
Caring for your feet. Wearing padded, absorbent socks and
cushioned shoes can reduce injury to your feet. You also should check your feet
every day for sores, hot spots, and cuts.
Wearing medical identification to let medical personnel know
that you have diabetes. You can buy
medical identification bracelets, necklaces, or other forms of jewelry at your
local pharmacy or on the Internet.
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Your level is currently
If the level is below 70 and you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.
People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.
Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.
However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.
Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.
One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
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