Type 1 Diabetes: Recently Diagnosed - Exams and Tests
Routine tests for
type 1 diabetes include an A1c or similar
test (glycosylated hemoglobin or
glycohemoglobin) that estimates your average blood
sugar level over the previous 2 to 3 months. It helps monitor blood sugar
control after treatment has started.
You need to see your doctor
about every 3 to 6 months throughout your life for exams and tests to watch
your condition and adjust your treatment.
For more information,
schedule for exams and tests beginning at diagnosis.
After you have
had diabetes for 3 to 5 years, you will need
annual tests to watch for signs of damage to your eyes
(diabetic retinopathy), kidneys (diabetic nephropathy), heart, blood vessels,
and nerves (diabetic neuropathy). If your child has diabetes, this testing
should begin at
You may need a
thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) test when type 1
diabetes is diagnosed and then every 1 to 2 years. This test checks for thyroid
problems, which are common among people with diabetes.
If you are very ill
You may have found out that
you have type 1 diabetes when your insulin levels dropped very low and you were
admitted to a hospital for
diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). The following tests were
likely used to diagnose and monitor treatment of ketoacidosis. You may have
these tests again if you develop DKA in the future.