Your (or your child's) symptoms of
type 1 diabetes probably developed quickly, over a few
days to weeks. These symptoms are caused by blood sugar levels rising above the
normal range (hyperglycemia) and include:
Frequent urination, which may be more noticeable at night. If
your child has already learned to use the toilet, he or she may have started
wetting the bed during naps or at night. The kidneys are trying to get rid of
the excess sugar in the blood. In order to do that, they have to excrete more
water. More water means more urine.
Extreme thirst and a dry mouth. This happens if you lose, through
frequent urination, enough water to become dehydrated.
Weight loss. This happens because you are dehydrated. Weight loss
may also happen if you are losing all of those sugar calories in your urine
instead of using them.
Increased hunger. You feel hungry because your body is not using
all the calories that it can. Many of them are being excreted in urine.
Blurred vision. Your vision may blur when sugar builds up in the
lens of your eye. The sugar sucks extra water into your eye, which changes the
shape of the lens and blurs your vision.
Fatigue. You feel tired for the same reason you feel hungry. Your
body is not using the calories you are eating, and your body is not getting the
energy it needs.
All of these symptoms will get better or go away when your
blood sugar levels are controlled.
Andrea Kolligian has learned that she's likely to get well-meaning comments if she eats a donut.
"Can you eat that? Are you sure you can eat that?" a friend or coworker will ask.
Kolligian, an administrative assistant at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston, was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes when she was a teenager, and has been taking insulin ever since. But like many people with type I diabetes, she's learned that the growing prevalence of the type 2 form of the disease, which is often...
If your blood sugar rose to
very high levels at the time you were diagnosed with diabetes, you may have
received treatment in a hospital for
diabetic ketoacidosis, which is an emergency.
What symptoms might I have now?
Now that you are
insulin injections, watch for signs of either high or
low blood sugar. High blood sugar (hyperglycemia) usually develops slowly over
a few days or weeks. But it can also develop quickly (in just a few hours) if
you eat a large meal or miss an insulin dose. On the other hand, low blood
sugar (hypoglycemia) can develop within 10 to 15 minutes. Children, especially
very young children, are at greater risk for harm caused by very low blood
Watch for the following symptoms of high or low
blood sugar. You (or your child) may not have the same symptoms every time, and
you may have symptoms that are not listed.
Symptoms of low blood sugar include sweating,
weakness, and inability to concentrate. Severe low blood sugar can cause loss
of consciousness and
Get the latest Diabetes newsletter delivered to your inbox!
Your level is currently
If the level is below 70 and you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.
People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.
Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.
However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.
Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.
One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
Thank you for signing up for the WebMD Diabetes Newsletter!
You'll find tips and tricks as well as the latest news and research on Diabetes.
Did You Know Your Lifestyle Choices
Affect Your Blood Sugar?
Use the Blood Glucose Tracker to monitor
how well you manage your blood sugar over time.