Have a foot exam to check for
diabetic neuropathy. Your doctor will
look at your feet for sores and calluses at every visit beginning at diagnosis.
At least once a year, have a test using a 10 g
monofilament to check for sensation in your feet. People with one or more foot
problems may need to have their feet examined more than once a
After having diabetes for 5 years
See your doctor and have a
microalbumin urine test, which evaluates your urine
for the presence of a protein called
albumin. Albumin is normally found in the blood.
Albumin is filtered by the kidneys and then returned to the bloodstream. When
the kidneys are working properly, albumin is not present in the urine. But
when the kidneys are damaged, small amounts of albumin leak into the urine.
This condition is called microalbuminuria. Either of the following tests may be
Microalbuminuria dipstick test, to estimate
the amount of protein in a urine sample
Spot urine test for
microalbuminuria, to measure the exact amount of protein in a urine
Elevated microalbumin urine results point to kidney
damage. One of the following tests may be done to find out the amount of
protein released in your urine and estimate how severe the kidney damage
24-hour urine test for protein, in which
all the urine you produce for 24 hours is collected and the amount of protein
present is determined
24-hour urine test for creatinine clearance,
in which a blood test for creatinine is done along with the urine test to
estimate how much kidney function remains. This test is called a
creatinine and creatinine clearance test.
Every year you will also have a blood
creatinine test. The blood creatinine test shows how
well your kidneys are working. A high creatinine level may mean your kidneys
are not working properly.
In this article
This information is produced and provided by the National
Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National
Institute via the Internet web site at http://
.gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
July 16, 2013
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this