Type 1 Diabetes - When To Call a Doctor
Call 911 or other emergency services right away if:
- You have symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), such as:
- Blurred vision.
- Trouble staying awake or trouble being woken up.
- Fast, deep breathing.
- Breath that smells fruity.
- Belly pain, not feeling hungry, and vomiting.
- Feeling confused.
- You had passed out (lost consciousness), or if you suddenly become very sleepy or confused. (You may have very low blood sugar, called hypoglycemia.)
- Low Blood Sugar: Emergency Care
Call a doctor if:
- You are sick and cannot control your blood sugar.
- You have been vomiting or have had diarrhea for more than 6 hours.
- Sick-Day Guidelines for People With Diabetes
- You have a blood sugar level that stays higher than the level the doctor has set for you, for example, 300 mg/dL for two or more readings.
- You have blood sugar that stays lower than the level the doctor has set for you, for example, 70 mg/dL for two or more readings.
- You have symptoms of low blood sugar, such as:
- Feeling nervous, shaky, and weak.
- Extreme hunger and slight nausea.
- Dizziness and headache.
- Blurred vision.
Check with your doctor if:
- You often have problems with high or low blood sugar levels.
- You have trouble knowing when your blood sugar is low (hypoglycemia unawareness).
- You have questions or want to know more about diabetes.
Who to see
Health professionals who may be involved in your diabetes care include:
If you have signs of complications of diabetes, such as nerve problems or kidney problems, you may be referred to a specialist. Learn more about the roles of the health professionals on a diabetes care team.
Planning pregnancy when you have type 1 diabetes
Women who want to
plan a pregnancy need to talk to their doctors about
making sure they have good control of their blood sugar.
High blood sugar levels during the first trimester of pregnancy raise the risk of
birth defects. Good care of diabetes before conception appears to reduce the
risk of birth defects.
Women with diabetes who don't want to be
become pregnant should use birth control. This reduces the risk of birth
defects in unplanned pregnancies.
- Pregnancy and Diabetes: Planning for Pregnancy
To prepare for your appointment, see the topic Making the Most of Your Appointment.