Type 2 Diabetes - Living With Type 2 Diabetes
Making healthy choices
Making healthy choices is a big part of managing type 2 diabetes. The more you learn about the disease, the more motivated you may be to make good choices and follow your treatment plan.
Eat healthy foods
Eat a balanced diet, and try to manage the amount of
carbohydrate you eat by spreading it out over the day.
For information, see: Quick Tips: Smart Snacking When You Have Diabetes.
For more help, see:
- Diabetes: Counting Carbs if You Don't Use Insulin.
- Diabetes: Using a Plate Format for Eating.
- Diabetes: Coping With Your Feelings About Your Diet.
The dietary guidelines for good health can help everyone form healthy eating habits, including people who have type 2 diabetes. It is especially important for people with type 2 diabetes to:
- Shift from eating unhealthy saturated fats to eating healthier unsaturated fats.
- Avoid foods that contain trans fat.
- Eat less salt.
- Be careful with alcohol, which affects your blood sugar. It can make problems from nerve damage, blood pressure, cholesterol, and weight even worse. Adult women should limit alcohol to 1 drink a day with a meal. Adult men should limit alcohol to 2 drinks a day with a meal. And women who are pregnant should not drink at all.
You don't have to join a gym to get fit or be active. For help, see the topic Quick Tips: Getting Active at Home. For other ideas see:
- Fitness: Adding More Activity to Your Life.
- Fitness: Walking for Wellness.
Test your blood sugar
The American Diabetes
Association (ADA) recommends that you keep your blood sugar levels at:1
A continuous glucose monitor, or CGM, reports on your blood sugar at least every 5 minutes, day and night. And it sounds an alarm if it sees that your levels are headed out of range.
Having a record of your blood sugar over time can
help you and your doctor know how well your treatment is working and whether
you need to make any changes. For tools you can use to track your blood sugar, see:
- Home Blood Sugar Diary(What is a PDF document?).
- High Blood Sugar Record Level(What is a PDF document?).