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Type 2 Diabetes - Living With Type 2 Diabetes

Making healthy choices

Making healthy choices is a big part of managing type 2 diabetes. The more you learn about the disease, the more motivated you may be to make good choices and follow your treatment plan.

Eat healthy foods

Eat a balanced diet, and try to manage the amount of carbohydrate you eat by spreading it out over the day.

actionset.gif Diabetes: Counting Carbs if You Don't Use Insulin
actionset.gif Diabetes: Using a Plate Format for Eating
actionset.gif Diabetes: Coping With Your Feelings About Your Diet
Quick Tips: Smart Snacking When You Have Diabetes

The dietary guidelines for good health can help everyone form healthy eating habits, including people who have type 2 diabetes. It is especially important for people with type 2 diabetes to:

  • Shift from eating unhealthy saturated fats to eating healthier unsaturated fats.
  • Avoid foods that contain trans fat.
  • Eat less salt.
  • Be careful with alcohol, which affects your blood sugar. It can make problems from nerve damage, blood pressure, cholesterol, and weight even worse. Adult women should limit alcohol to 1 drink a day with a meal. Adult men should limit alcohol to 2 drinks a day with a meal. And women who are pregnant should not drink at all.

Be active

You don't have to join a gym to get fit or be active. There are many things you can do, such as walking or even vacuuming.

actionset.gif Fitness: Adding More Activity to Your Life
actionset.gif Fitness: Walking for Wellness
Quick Tips: Getting Active at Home

Test your blood sugar

The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends that you keep your blood sugar levels at:1

A continuous glucose monitor, or CGM, reports on your blood sugar at least every 5 minutes, day and night. And it sounds an alarm if it sees that your levels are headed out of range.

Having a record of your blood sugar over time can help you and your doctor know how well your treatment is working and whether you need to make any changes.

Home Blood Sugar Diary(What is a PDF document?)
High Blood Sugar Record Level(What is a PDF document?)

Take medicines, if you need them

If you're taking type 2 diabetes medicine or insulin, you will need to know how to deal with low blood sugar and how to give yourself an insulin shot.

actionset.gif Diabetes: Dealing With Low Blood Sugar From Insulin
actionset.gif Diabetes: Dealing With Low Blood Sugar From Medicines
actionset.gif Diabetes: Giving Yourself an Insulin Shot
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WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

Last Updated: January 17, 2013
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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Answer:
Low
0-69
Normal
70-130
High
131+

Your level is currently

If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.

People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.

Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.

However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.

Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.

One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

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