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Diabetes Health Center

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Type 2 Diabetes - Living With Type 2 Diabetes

Making healthy choices

Making healthy choices is a big part of managing type 2 diabetes. The more you learn about the disease, the more motivated you may be to make good choices and follow your treatment plan.

Eat healthy foods

Eat a balanced diet, and try to manage the amount of carbohydrate you eat by spreading it out over the day.

actionset.gif Diabetes: Counting Carbs if You Don't Use Insulin
actionset.gif Diabetes: Counting Carbs if You Use Insulin
actionset.gif Diabetes: Using a Plate Format for Eating
actionset.gif Diabetes: Coping With Your Feelings About Your Diet
Quick Tips: Smart Snacking When You Have Diabetes

The dietary guidelines for good health can help everyone form healthy eating habits, including people who have type 2 diabetes. It is especially important for people with type 2 diabetes to:

  • Shift from eating unhealthy saturated fats to eating healthier unsaturated fats.
  • Avoid foods that contain trans fat.
  • Eat less salt.
  • Be careful with alcohol, which affects your blood sugar. It can make problems from nerve damage, blood pressure, cholesterol, and weight even worse. Adult women should limit alcohol to 1 drink a day with a meal. Adult men should limit alcohol to 2 drinks a day with a meal. And women who are pregnant should not drink at all.

Be active

You don't have to join a gym to get fit or be active. There are many things you can do, such as walking or even vacuuming.

actionset.gif Fitness: Adding More Activity to Your Life
actionset.gif Fitness: Walking for Wellness
Quick Tips: Getting Active at Home

Test your blood sugar

The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends that you keep your blood sugar levels at:1

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