Type 2 Diabetes in Children - Home Treatment
Your child needs to eat healthy
meals with appropriate portions to support growth and prevent weight gain. The
meal plan for your child will also spread
carbohydrate throughout the day to prevent high blood
sugar after meals. For information on healthy eating and weight management, see
Healthy Eating for Children.
- Diabetes in Children: Counting Carbs
- Healthy Eating: Helping Your Child Learn Healthy Eating Habits
- Diabetes in Children: Food Issues at School
Encourage your child (age 6 to
17) to do moderate to vigorous activity at least 1 hour every day. Limit the amount of time your child watches TV and uses the computer and cell phone. You can help your child or teen be active by looking for ways to make activity more fun and by being active along with your child.
For children age 2 and older: The
American Academy of Pediatrics advises parents to limit screen time to 2 hours a
day or less. And it's best for children younger than 2 to not watch TV, watch movies, or play games on a screen.
Work with your child's teachers and school to
make a plan to handle your child's special needs, including testing blood sugar
and eating snacks when needed.
- Diabetes in Children: Preparing a Care Plan for School
Your child can take part in the same activities as other
children. For safety:
- Let the coach know that your child has
diabetes. If your child doesn't take insulin, he or she may not be at risk for
low blood sugar episodes. But making sure that the coach knows the symptoms of low blood sugar may still be a good
- Take your child's
home blood sugar meter to sports practice sessions and
games. Check his or her blood sugar level before and after each activity, if
- Take a
snack that contains carbohydrate to all practice
sessions and games in case of a low blood sugar episode.
Home blood sugar monitoring
You and your child
will need to monitor his or her blood sugar frequently to know how well it is
under control. Talk with your doctor about a target range for
your child. Young children may need a higher blood sugar goal than adults
because of growth needs and to prevent very low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). As
your child grows older, the goal can be lowered so that it is closer to the
- Diabetes in Children: Checking Blood Sugar in a Child