The same medicines are used to treat
adults and children with
type 2 diabetes. These medicines increase
insulin production, make the body better able to use
insulin resistance), or slow the intestinal absorption
Sometimes a child needs
more than one medicine to adequately control diabetes. Two or more medicines
taken together may work more effectively than a single medicine. Taking two
medicines together also may reduce possible side effects by allowing lower
doses of each. But in some cases, taking two medicines can increase the risk of
certain side effects, such as low blood sugar (hypoglycemia).
Some children need daily
insulin shots—alone or with other medicines. Even if your doctor does not
prescribe daily insulin, your child may need to take insulin temporarily when
first diagnosed or during illness or surgery. At some point in adulthood, he or
she will likely need insulin, because over time the
pancreas does not produce enough insulin. Insulin also
may be needed during pregnancy and breast-feeding.
If your child
high cholesterol or
high blood pressure, medicine for those conditions may
be needed. Even blood pressure slightly above normal increases the risk for eye
and kidney damage from diabetes.
Medicines that decrease insulin resistance:
Medicines that increase insulin production:
Medicines that slow intestinal absorption of
If you are having trouble controlling your blood sugar with pills, your doctor may suggest one of these medicines, which are given as a shot:
Some doctors treat children with
Medicines to control blood pressure and cholesterol
Some children may need medicines to lower their blood pressure and
cholesterol to reduce the risk for later complications.