Type 2 Diabetes - Treatment Overview
Your treatment for
type 2 diabetes will change over time to meet
your needs. But the focus of your treatment will always be
to keep your blood sugar levels within your target range. That will help prevent complications from type 2 diabetes,
such as eye, kidney, heart, blood vessel, and nerve disease.
The keys to managing your type 2 diabetes are
- Make healthy food choices and be active. To learn more, see Living With Type 2 Diabetes.
- See your doctor regularly. To help you stay on track with your treatment, you'll need
regular tests. For more information, see Exams and Tests.
- Test your blood sugar.
It's important to track your blood sugar levels so you know if you are in your target range. For more information, see Living With Type 2 Diabetes.
- Take medicines, if you need them. For more information, see Medications.
- If you smoke, quit. Quitting can help you reduce your risk of heart disease and
stroke. For help, see the topic Quitting Smoking.
- Keep high blood pressure and high cholesterol under control. Losing weight and getting plenty of
exercise, such as walking at least 2½ hours a
week, can help lower blood pressure. But you may also need to take
medicines, such as an
ACE inhibitor or beta-blocker, to achieve your
goal. You may also need to take cholesterol-lowering
Making big changes like quitting smoking or changing the way you eat is hard. But you can do it if you set small goals and celebrate your successes. For help, see the topic Change a Habit by Setting Goals.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
Your treatment may change if you get pregnant. For example, some medicines could harm your baby. If your blood sugar gets too high while you're pregnant, your baby might have problems at birth. Talk with your doctor.
- Pregnancy and Diabetes: Planning for Pregnancy
And you can successfully breast-feed your baby when you have type 2 diabetes.