Skip to content

Diabetes Health Center

Font Size

Type 2 Diabetes: Supplements Overview

Definitions continued...

Diabetic neuropathy: A nerve disorder caused by diabetes. This disorder leads to pain or loss of feeling in the toes, feet, legs, hands, or arms.

Endocrinologist: A specialist in diseases and conditions of the glands (organs that make hormones).

Essential trace mineral: A mineral that is required in minute amounts by the body and must be obtained from dietary sources.

Fasting blood glucose: Blood glucose level after a person has not eaten for 8 to 12 hours (usually overnight).

Free radical: A highly reactive chemical that attacks molecules that are key to cell functioning, by capturing electrons and thus changing chemical structures.

Functional food: A food that has biologically active components (such as fish oils or plant estrogens) that may provide health benefits beyond basic nutrition.

HbA1c: Hemoglobin A1c, a blood test that measures a person's average blood glucose level over a period of weeks or months.

Hormone: A chemical made by glands in the body. Hormones circulate in the bloodstream and control the actions of certain cells or organs. Some hormones can also be made in laboratories.

Ophthalmologist: A specialist in diseases and disorders of the eye.

PCB: Short for polychlorinated biphenyl. PCBs have had various uses in industry, but most uses were banned by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in 1979 because of hazards to human health. When discharged into the environment, PCBs stay in the environment for a long period of time and build up in certain species of fish and wildlife.

Placebo: An inert or sham treatment, such as a sugar pill.

Podiatrist: A specialist in care of the foot and treatment of foot disorders.

Polyphenols: A group of substances that are found in many plants. They give some flowers, fruits, and vegetables their color. Polyphenols have antioxidant activity and are being studied as possible CAM treatments.

Polyunsaturated fatty acid: One of the three types of fatty acids. Polyunsaturated fatty acids are liquid at room temperature. They contain a chain of carbon atoms and hydrogen and oxygen molecules, with two or more double bonds between the carbon atoms.

Randomized clinical trial: In a randomized clinical trial, each participant is assigned by chance (through a computer or a table of random numbers) to one of two groups. The investigational group receives the therapy, also called the active treatment. The control group receives either the standard treatment, if there is one for their disease or condition, or a placebo.

Triglyceride: The form in which fat is stored in the body. High triglyceride levels in the blood may raise the risks for heart attack or stroke.

Whole medical system: A system that employs practices from among the four CAM domains--mind-body medicine, biologically based practices, manipulative and body-based practices, and energy medicine. Conventional medicine is one example of a whole medical system. An example of a CAM whole medical system is traditional Chinese medicine.

1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8

WebMD Public Information from the U.S. National Institutes of Health

Is This Normal? Get the Facts Fast!

Check Your Blood Sugar Level Now
What type of diabetes do you have?
Your gender:

Get the latest Diabetes newsletter delivered to your inbox!


or
Answer:
Low
0-69
Normal
70-130
High
131+

Your level is currently

If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.

People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.

Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.

However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.

Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.

One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

Did You Know Your Lifestyle Choices
Affect Your Blood Sugar?

Use the Blood Glucose Tracker to monitor
how well you manage your blood sugar over time.

Get Started

This tool is not intended for women who are pregnant.

Start Over

Step:  of 

Today on WebMD

Diabetic tools
Symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and more.
woman flexing muscles
10 strength training exercises.
 
Blood sugar test
12 practical tips.
Tom Hanks
Stars living with type 1 or type 2.
 
Woman serving fast food from window
Video
Can Vinegar Treat Diabetes
Video
 
Middle aged person
Tool
are battery operated toothbrushes really better
Video
 

Prediabetes How to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes
Article
type 2 diabetes
Slideshow
 
food fitness planner
Tool
Are You at Risk for Dupuytrens Contracture
Article