The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) was a major clinical trial, or research study, aimed at discovering whether either diet and exercise or the oral diabetes drug metformin (Glucophage) could prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes in people with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT).
The answer is yes. In fact, the DPP found that over the three years of the study, diet and exercise sharply reduced the chances that a person with IGT would develop diabetes. Metformin also reduced risk, although...
Type 1 diabetes most
often develops in girls around 10 to 12 years of age and in boys around 12 to
14 years of age.
The incidence of type 1 diabetes seems to be
increasing, and there appears to be an increase among young children,
especially from birth to age 4.
White people have a higher rate of type 1
diabetes than other racial groups.
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2008). National Diabetes Fact Sheet 2007. Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Available online: http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pubs/pdf/ndfs_2007.pdf.
Laffel L, et al. (2005). Treatment of the child and
adolescent with diabetes. In CR Kahn et al., eds., Joslin's Diabetes Mellitus, 14th ed., pp. 711-736. Philadelphia: Lippincott
Williams and Wilkins.
Primary Medical Reviewer
John Pope, MD - Pediatrics
Specialist Medical Reviewer
David C.W. Lau, MD, PhD, FRCPC - Endocrinology
September 14, 2010
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
September 14, 2010
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this
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Your level is currently
If the level is below 70 and you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.
People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.
Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.
However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.
Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.
One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
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