Weight Loss Study Pits Atkins vs. Ornish vs. Zone vs. LEARN Diets
To answer that question, Stanford University researcher Christopher D. Gardner, PhD, and colleagues randomly assigned 311 overweight and obese women to one of the diets. The idea was to see what worked best for weight loss: a very low-carb diet (Atkins), a low-carb diet (Zone), a low-fat, high-carb diet (LEARN, based on U.S. guidelines), or a very high-carb diet (Ornish).
Gardner's team made sure the women understood the diets by having an enthusiastic nutritionist teach them their assigned program in eight weekly sessions. Then they pretty much left them to follow the diet books for the rest of the yearlong study.
At the beginning of the study, the women's average weight was 187 pounds. All of them, Gardner says, needed to lose at least 15 pounds -- and many needed to lose 40 to 80 pounds.
After a year, some of the women in each group lost as much as 30 pounds. Twice as many lost this much in the Atkins Diet group as in any other group. Overall, here's how much the women lost on the four diets:
- Atkins Diet -- 10.4 pounds on average
- LEARN -- 5.7 pound average
- Ornish Diet -- 4.85 pound average
- Zone Diet -- 3.5 pound average
The weight loss difference between women assigned to the Atkins Diet and women assigned to the Zone Diet were statistically significant. The other differences were not – meaning they could be chance findings.
Gardner and colleagues report the findings in the March 7 issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association.
Did the Atkins Diet Win? Some Say Yes
What do the results mean? That depends on who you ask.
Gardner says the study highlights how difficult it is for people to follow the Zone and Ornish diets on their own.
He points to two American dietary trends: We are eating more and more calories. And we are eating more and more refined carbohydrates in the form of sweets, sodas, and snacks.