Study Shows Women Lose More Fat When Drinking Milk After Weight Lifting
May 28, 2010 -- Women who do weight-lifting exercise routines may be better off drinking two large glasses of milk than sugar-based energy drinks after workout regimens, a new study shows.
McMaster University researchers in Canada report they found that women who drank two large glasses of milk after weight-lifting exercises gained more muscle and lost more fat than women who drank sugar-based energy drinks.
The finding is published in the June issue of Medicine and Science in Sport and Exercise.
"Resistance training is not a typical choice of exercise for women, but the health benefits of resistance training are enormous," says Stuart M. Phillips, PhD, professor of kinesiology at McMaster University in Hamilton, Canada, in a news release. "It boosts strength, bone, muscular and metabolic health in a way that other types of exercise cannot."
A previous study involving men showed that they gained muscle mass and lost fat after exercising and drinking milk.
Phillips says he and his research team aren't sure what causes the result, but more study is being done.
In a three-month period, researchers monitored young women who did not previously perform resistance-training exercises. Two hours before exercising each day, the women weren't allowed to eat and were only allowed to drink water.
But after their routines, one group drank 500 milliliters, or about 17 ounces, of fat-free white milk. The comparison group drank a substance that looked similar, but was actually a sugar-based energy drink. An hour after exercising, the same drinks were drunk.
Exercises included three different types: pushing exercises such as bench presses, pulling-down routines such as triceps push-downs; and leg exercises such as leg presses and hamstring curls.
"We expected the gains in muscle mass to be greater, but the size of the fat loss surprised us," Phillips says in the news release. "We're still not sure what causes this but we're investigating that now. It could be the combination of calcium, high-quality protein, and vitamin D may be the key. And conveniently, all of these nutrients are in milk."
Drinking Milk and Exercise
Phillips says the women who drank milk barely gained any weight, because what they gained in lean muscle balanced out with the loss of fat. Thus, it seems that "simple things like regular weightlifting exercise and milk consumption work to substantially improve women's body composition and health."