The agency is proposing to label partially hydrogenated oils, the primary source of trans fats, as “not generally recognized as safe” for use in food.
Although many food makers have removed trans fats from their products in recent years, they are still found in some processed foods, such as margarine, microwave popcorn, and some desserts.
Eating lots of of trans fats has been linked to heart disease.
“While consumption of potentially harmful artificial trans fat has declined over the last two decades in the United States, current intake remains a significant public health concern,” FDA Commissioner Margaret A. Hamburg, MD, says in a statement.
Final Decision Coming
With today's announcement, the FDA opened a 60-day comment period. During that time, the agency will collect additional information on trans fats.
Hamburg says the agency will make a final decision after the comment period ends.
If the FDA approves the change, food makers would have to prove that trans fats are safe in order to use them.
Trans fats have appeared as an ingredient on nutrition labels since 2006. Since that time, the amount Americans eat has gone down from 4.6 grams a day in 2003 to about 1 gram a day in 2012, the FDA says.
The independent Institute of Medicine says trans fats have no health benefits and shouldn’t be eaten in any amount.
The ban only applies to artificial trans fats, not those found naturally in small amounts in butter, some meats, and other foods.
Manufacturers Already Giving Up Trans Fats
Trans fats in foods ''have been top of mind for snack food makers for the past 5 or 10 years," says Beth Johnson, RD, a food policy consultant for the Snack Food Association. "We certainly want to work with the FDA to be sure the decisions are based on science and done in a thoughtful manner.''