Fast Food That Won't Supersize You
The best bets from your favorite fast-food chains
It's easy to understand why Americans gravitate toward fast-food chains.
Where else can you go when you need to grab a quick bite and have only a 5-spot
in your pocket? And when you're traveling, it can be comforting to go into a
restaurant where you know exactly what to expect, no matter where you are.
That's the good news. The bad news is that:
- Americans eat a lot of fast food.
- At most fast food chains, you'd be hard-pressed to find much in the way of
fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
- Fast-food servings tend to be big, and the calorie and fat totals tend to
Recent research has confirmed what we probably all guessed anyway: The more
fast food we eat, the more calories we take in -- and the more likely we are to
A study of more than 3,000 young adults showed that, over a 15-year period,
those who ate fast food more than twice a week gained about 10 pounds more than
those who ate fast food less than once a week. The more frequent fast-food
eaters also doubled their insulin resistance (an early sign of diabetes).
Another recent study showed that on days when young Americans (4-19 years
old) ate fast food, they took in more calories, more total fat, more saturated
fat, and more added sugars. They also took in less fiber, less fruit and
nonstarchy vegetables, and less milk.
Researcher Shanthy A. Bowman, PhD, of the U.S. Department of Agriculture,
had very similar findings with adults. Adults who ate fast food on two
consecutive survey days tended to have higher mean body mass indexes (BMIs) and
were more likely to be overweight than those who didn't eat fast food on those
two days. It also found that adults took in about 10% more calories on days
when they ate fast food.
Bowman says that, because most fast food doesn't contain much fiber, its
calories don't make us feel very full afterward, so we tend to eat more later
in the day.
So what's a fast-food lover to do?
Well, aside from avoiding "value meals" and "super-size"
deals like the plague, our best bet is to know which menu items are the lower
in fat, saturated fat, and calories.
The better choices listed below for six of the top fast-food chains have 15
grams of fat or less (compare that with some menu choices with 30 grams of fat
or more, such as the Burger King Double Croissanwich with double sausage and
cheese. This item would add 770 calories and 63 grams of fat to your diet --
all before lunch!). Of course, it also matters whether the fat is the unhealthy
saturated kind; the fewer saturated fat grams, the better.
Another thing to watch for: The sodium tends to be high at fast-food
restaurants, so beware if you are on a sodium-restricted diet.
Here are some of the best offerings of several popular fast-food chains, as
of January 2005.