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How the French Stay Slim

An American dietitian explores the 'French Paradox': staying slim on a no-deprivation diet.
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WebMD Weight Loss Clinic - Expert Column

On a recent trip to France, my mission was to eat like a French woman - or at least to find out just how they stay so slim.

This is a country where on one corner, you find a boulangerie with mouth-watering pastries, and on the next, a café where Parisians linger for hours. It's a place known for rich desserts, baguettes made from refined flour, foie gras, fatty meats, and wine. Yet most inhabitants seem to have little trouble maintaining a healthy weight.

It's been called the French Paradox, and I was determined to get to the bottom of it. My journey started in Paris and ended up in beautiful, sunny Provence.

One of my first observations was that the French are not all thin. The percentage of overweight people is not nearly as high as in the United States, but they are catching up to us.

In part, the French blame the infiltration of fast food, french fries (now that's a paradox), and super-premium ice cream for their increasing girth, according to French diet expert David Benchetrit, MD.

Still, says Benchetrit, many French women have a mindset that helps them stay slender.

"French women refuse to accept being overweight," says David Benchetrit, director of the Clinique du Poids weight loss clinic in Paris. "It is no secret that they want to be beautiful, in love, and take care of themselves so they look good."

Indeed, Benchetrit says that two-thirds of the women he sees at his clinic have a body mass index (BMI) of less than 23, which is in the normal range of 18.5-24.9.

Café Society

Another thing I observed is that the French and American ways of life are very different. Eating is a leisurely experience. In the United States, we often wolf down meals in record time or eat while driving or sitting at our desks. But the French appear to have all the time in the world to sit around and dine.

"We sit down and eat for pleasure, using all of our senses," Mireille Guiliano, author of the best-selling book French Women Don't Get Fat, has said.

In America, low-carb diets have many of us saying no to white foods like bread and pasta, but in France, everyone seems to be toting a fresh baguette to bring home.

"You need to eat a large volume of bread or pasta for the calories to add up, and most of the time, French meals are quite light and portions are small," says David Benchetrit.

Duck confit, foie gras, and many other fatty foods are enjoyed occasionally - maybe once in two weeks, he says. Wine is enjoyed regularly, but in limited portions. And you won't find artificial sweeteners in sherbet-colored packets on every table. That's because the French prefer small portions of the real stuff, like sugar and butter, according to Guiliano.

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