Study Challenges Dairy's Weight Loss Claim
Teens Who Drank the Most Milk Gained Weight
'A Calorie Is a Calorie'
The research was funded by the Dairy Council and an interview with Zemel
appears on the Council's weight loss web site.
"When your body doesn't get enough calcium, it starts a defense
mechanism to preserve what calcium it does have," he is quoted as saying.
"It's actually a hormonal response that increases the amount of fat stored
and slows down the process that breaks it down for energy. So if you increase
calcium, less fat is stored and more fat is burned."
But nutrition expert Alice Lichtenstein, DSc, tells WebMD that she has seen
nothing to convince her that any single nutrient or nutrient mix holds the key
to easy weight loss.
Lichtenstein directs the Cardiovascular Nutrition Laboratory at Boston's
"There just isn't convincing evidence that any combination of foods or
nutrients helps people burn fat quicker," she says. "You can't beat the
system. When it gets right down to it, the best evidence that we have right now
suggests that a calorie is a calorie."
The New Research
In the newly published research, Berkey and colleagues from Boston's Brigham
and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School analyzed data from a large
study of obesity in adolescents in an attempt to assess the impact of milk and
other dairy products on weight.
The researchers tracked the health and dietary habits of almost 13,000
children between the ages of 9 and 14 for three years starting in 1996.
In a previous analysis the researchers reported that kids who drank a lot of
sugary sodas and fruit drinks gained more weight than those who didn't. Berkey
tells WebMD that the decision to look at dairy products stemmed, in part, from
the Dairy Council's weight loss ad campaign.
The study is published in the June issue of the Archives of Pediatric
and Adolescent Medicine.
"We found that the adolescents who drank more than three servings a day
of milk over a one-year period were 25% more likely to become overweight during
that year than adolescents who reported drinking two to three servings a
day," she says.
Berkey says the kids who drank more than the recommended three servings a
day of milk probably gained weight because they were taking in too many
Most of the children in the study drank low-fat or nonfat milk. An average
serving of low-fat milk has approximately 100 calories.
"Our study may suggest that it is not milk itself that is associated
with weight gain, but the calories this beverage contains," she says.
"The take-home message is that children should not be drinking milk as a
means of losing weight or trying to control weight."
Daily Council Weighs In
Registered dietitian Theresa Wagner is a spokeswoman for the National Dairy
Council. She tells WebMD that the study findings are not at odds with the
council's message that three servings of milk a day is optimal.
"We aren't saying that more is better," she says. "The American
Academy of Pediatrics has said for years that children should drink 24 ounces
of milk a day, limit their juice intake to 6 to 8 ounces a day, and drink water
for thirst. I think this study verifies this statement."
She adds that older children and teens are far more likely to drink too
little milk than too much, and that the weight loss message is aimed at adults
and not children.
"We are recommending what the dietary guidelines recommend, which is
three servings of dairy a day," she says. "Milk is a nutrient-packed
beverage, and teens, especially, aren't getting enough of the nutrients that
are found in dairy products."