What Happens During the Liver Transplant Operation?
Liver transplants usually take from 6 to 12 hours. During the operation, surgeons will remove the liver and will replace it with the donor liver. Because a transplant operation is a major procedure, surgeons will need to place several tubes in the body. These tubes are necessary to help your body carry out certain functions during the operation and for a few days afterward.
- A tube will be placed through your mouth into the windpipe (trachea) to help you breathe during the liver transplant operation and for the first day or two following the operation. The tube is attached to a ventilator that will expand your lungs mechanically.
- A nasogastric (N/G) tube will be inserted through the nose into your stomach. The N/G tube will drain secretions from your stomach. It will remain in place for a few days until your bowel function returns to normal.
- A tube called a catheter will be placed in your bladder to drain urine. This will be removed a few days after the operation.
- Three tubes will be placed in your abdomen to drain blood and fluid from around the liver. These will remain in place for about a week.
- In some cases, the surgeon will place a special tube, called a T-tube, in the bile duct. The T-tube will drain bile into a small pouch outside of your body so it can be measured several times daily. Only certain transplant patients receive a T-tube, which remains in place for 5 months. The tube causes no discomfort and does not interfere with daily activities.