Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatogram (ERCP)
An endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatogram
(ERCP) is a test that does have some risks. Having this test may cause serious
problems, such as:
- Inflammation of the pancreas
- Bleeding, which may occur if the pancreatic or bile
ducts are widened during the procedure or if biopsies are taken during the
- Infection of the bile ducts, which may occur if gallstones
- Infection of the blood (sepsis).
- An abnormal heart rhythm.
- A puncture of
the esophagus, stomach, duodenum, bile duct, or pancreatic duct. If this
happens, you will need to have surgery to repair the puncture.
- Problems caused by anesthesia.
After the test
After the test, call your doctor
immediately if you:
- Have nausea or vomiting.
- Have new or increased belly
- Develop a fever or chills.
- Feel short of
- Are dizzy or feel like you may faint.
People who have serious heart disease and older adults
who have other chronic diseases have a greater chance of having problems from this
test. Although complications are not common, talk to your doctor about your
An endoscopic retrograde
cholangiopancreatogram (ERCP) is a test that combines the use of a flexible,
lighted scope (endoscope) with X-ray pictures to examine the tubes
that drain the
gallbladder , and
Your doctor may be able to
discuss some of the findings with you immediately after the test. But the
medicines used to relax you for an ERCP may impair your memory. So your doctor
may tell you to call the next day for your results.
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatogram (ERCP)
Contrast material shows normal structure and size of the bile ducts, pancreatic
ducts, hepatic ducts, and gallbladder.
esophagus , stomach,
duodenum, bile ducts, pancreatic ducts, and hepatic ducts look
- Pressure in the bile ducts, pancreatic ducts, and hepatic ducts is normal.
- The bile, pancreatic, or hepatic ducts are
narrowed or blocked. This may be caused by
gallstones, scar tissue, inflammation, or
- Inflammation, ulcers, infection, pseudocysts, or cancer of the
esophagus, stomach, duodenum, gallbladder, or pancreas is identified.
- Pressure in the bile ducts, pancreatic ducts, or hepatic ducts is not normal.