Difficulty Swallowing (Dysphagia) - Overview
What is difficulty swallowing (dysphagia)?Difficulty swallowing is also called dysphagia. It is usually a sign of a problem with your esophagus-the muscular tube that moves food and liquids from the back of your mouth to your stomach. Although dysphagia can happen to anyone, it is most common in older adults, premature babies, and people with problems of the brain or nervous system. There are ...
Inguinal Hernia - Surgery
Surgery has generally been recommended for all inguinal hernias to avoid complications such as strangulation, in which a loop of intestine becomes tightly trapped in a hernia, cutting off the blood supply to that part of the intestine.
Laparoscopic Inguinal Hernia Repair
Laparoscopic hernia repair is similar to other laparoscopic procedures.
Gallstones - Home Treatment
Learn when to call your doctor about gallstones.
Sigmoidoscopy (Anoscopy, Proctoscopy)
Anoscopy, proctoscopy, and sigmoidoscopy tests allow your health professional to look at the inner lining of your anus, rectum, and the lower part of the large intestine (colon). These tests are used to look for abnormal growths (such as tumors or polyps)
Inguinal Hernia - Exams and Tests
The diagnosis of inguinal hernia is usually based on your medical history and a physical exam. Tests such as ultrasound and CT scans are not usually needed to diagnose an inguinal hernia. In most cases, a doctor can identify an inguinal hernia during a ph
Gallstones - Treatment Overview
If gallstones don't cause pain or other symptoms, you usually will not need treatment. Only 1% to 4% of people who have gallstones develop symptoms each year.1 In rare situations, doctors may recommend surgery for gallstones that don't cause symptoms. For
Hemorrhoids - Topic Overview
What are hemorrhoids? Learn about symptoms, treatments and prevention, and find out why hemorrhoids can be so painful.
Gallstones - Topic Overview
Get information on gallbladder problems and learn how to treat the symptoms of gallstones and a gallbladder attack.
Esophageal Spasm - Topic Overview
What is esophageal spasm?Esophageal spasms are irregular, uncoordinated, and sometimes powerful contractions of the esophagus, the tube that carries food from the mouth to the stomach. Normally, contractions of the esophagus are coordinated, moving the food through the esophagus and into the stomach. Esophageal spasms can prevent food from reaching the stomach, leaving it stuck in the ...