electrolyte imbalances caused by
kidney failure can be difficult, because many
medicines lower some electrolyte levels while raising other levels. Your
doctor may need to regularly monitor your electrolyte levels.
chronic kidney disease and kidney failure
potassium levels above the normal range
(hyperkalemia). Two types of medicines may be used to lower potassium
A splenectomy is surgery to remove the entire spleen, a delicate, fist-sized organ that sits under the left rib cage near the stomach. The spleen is an important part of the body's defense (immune) system. It contains special white blood cells that destroy bacteria and help your body fight infections when you are sick. It also makes red blood cells and helps remove, or filter, old ones from the body's circulation.
If only part of the spleen is removed, the procedure is called a partial splenectomy...
Calcium-containing phosphate binders. An example is calcium carbonate. They are used to raise levels of calcium
and lower levels of phosphorus in the bloodstream. Phosphate binders that
contain aluminum should be avoided, to prevent aluminum poisoning.
Non-calcium phosphate binders. These are
calcium- and aluminum-free. Examples are sevelamer and lanthanum. They are also used to
control serum phosphate and reduce PTH levels.
Calcitriol. This is a vitamin D
derivative. It may be used to increase calcium levels and help store excess
phosphate in bone. While taking calcitriol, you will be watched closely for hypercalcemia.
Primary Medical Reviewer
Anne C. Poinier, MD - Internal Medicine
Specialist Medical Reviewer
Mitchell H. Rosner, MD - Nephrology
September 15, 2011
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
September 15, 2011
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